Freeman, Joan (1918–1998)
Freeman, Joan (1918–1998)
Australian nuclear physicist. Born Jan 7, 1918, in Australia; died Mar 18, 1998; m. John Jelley (scientist), Feb 1958.
Successfully overcame great barriers to excel as a physicist when women were discouraged from the field; on scholarship, attended Sydney University (1936–40); studied at Newnham College, Cambridge and Cavendish Laboratory (PhD, 1949) and worked on a magnetic spectrometer; was senior scientific officer in Nuclear Physics Division at Atomic Energy Research Establishment (AERE) in Harwell (1951–60), then Tandem Group leader (1960–78), and consultant (1978–83); on sabbatical at MIT, met Oxford theoretical physicist and future collaborator, Roger Blin-Stoyle; with Blin-Stoyle, won the British Institute of Physics' Rutherford Medal, the 1st woman to achieve that award; wrote over 80 publications. Awarded honorary doctorate from University of Sydney.
See also autobiography A Passion for Physics: The Story of a Woman Physicist (1991).
"Freeman, Joan (1918–1998)." Dictionary of Women Worldwide: 25,000 Women Through the Ages. . Encyclopedia.com. (January 18, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/freeman-joan-1918-1998
"Freeman, Joan (1918–1998)." Dictionary of Women Worldwide: 25,000 Women Through the Ages. . Retrieved January 18, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/freeman-joan-1918-1998
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.