Freeman, Harry Lawrence
Freeman, Harry Lawrence
Freeman, Harry Lawrence, African-American composer, conductor, and teacher; b. Cleveland, Oct. 9, 1869; d. N.Y, March 24, 1954. He studied theory with J.H. Beck and piano with E. Schonert and Carlos Sobrino. He taught at Wilberforce Univ. (1902–04) and the Salem School of Music (1910–13). He organized and directed the Freeman School of Music (1911–22) and the Freeman School of Grand Opera (from 1923); also conducted various theater orchs. and opera companies. In 1920 he organized the Negro Opera Co., and in 1934 he conducted a pageant, O Sing a New Song, at the Chicago World’s Fair. He was the first black composer to conduct a sym. orch. in his own work (Minneapolis, 1907), and the first of his race to write large operatic compositions. All of his music is written in folk-song style, his settings in simple harmonies; his operas, all on Negro, oriental, and Indian themes, are constructed of songs and choruses in simple concatenation of separate nos.
DRAMATIC Opera : The Martyr (Denver, 1893); Zuluki (1898); African Kraal (Chicago, June 30, 1903; rev. 1934); The Octoroon (1904); Valdo (Cleveland, May 1906); The Tryst (N.Y., May 1911); The Prophecy (N.Y, 1912); The Plantation (1914); Athalia (1916); Vendetta (N.Y, Nov. 12, 1923); American Romance, jazz opera (1927); Voodoo (N.Y, Sept. 10, 1928); Leah Kleschna (1930); Uzziah (1931); Zululand, tetralogy of music dramas: Nada, The Lily (1941–44), Allah (1947), and The Zulu King (1934). B a 1 1 e t : The Slave for Choral Ensemble and Orch. (N.Y, Sept. 22, 1932). OTHER: Songs.
—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire
"Freeman, Harry Lawrence." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Encyclopedia.com. (January 18, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/freeman-harry-lawrence
"Freeman, Harry Lawrence." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Retrieved January 18, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/freeman-harry-lawrence
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.