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summer

summer the warmest season of the year, in the northern hemisphere from June to August and in the southern hemisphere from December to February. Recorded from Old English (in form sumor), the word is of Germanic origin, and is ultimately related to Sanskrit samā ‘year’.
Summer Palace a palace (now in ruins) of the former Chinese emperors near Beijing.
summer solstice the occasion of the longest day in the year, when the sun reaches its greatest altitude north of the equator, on approximately 21 June (or in the southern hemisphere, south of the equator, on approximately 21 December).
Summer time time as adjusted to achieve longer evening daylight in summer by setting clocks an hour ahead of the standard time; originally introduced in the UK in 1916, from 21 May to 30 September, and subsequently adopted for daylight saving from March to October. The principle of adjusting clocks in this way was suggested first by Benjamin Franklin in an essay of 1784; the notion of daylight saving was the originator of the English builder William Willett (1856–1915).

See also the rich man has his ice in the summer, one swallow does not make a summer at swallow1.

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summer

sum·mer1 / ˈsəmər/ • n. the warmest season of the year, in the northern hemisphere from June to August and in the southern hemisphere from December to February: the plant flowers in late summer a long hot summer | [as adj.] summer vacation | fig. the golden summer of her life. ∎  Astron. the period from the summer solstice to the autumnal equinox. ∎  (summers) poetic/lit. years, esp. of a person's age: a girl of sixteen or seventeen summers. • v. [intr.] spend the summer in a particular place: well over 100 birds summered there in 1976. ∎  [tr.] pasture (cattle) for the summer. DERIVATIVES: sum·mer·y adj. sum·mer2 (also sum·mer·tree / ˈsəmərˌtrē/ ) • n. a horizontal bearing beam, esp. one supporting joists or rafters. ∎  a capstone that supports an arch or lintel. ∎  a lintel.

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summer

summer.
1. Lintel, e.g. over a fireplace.

2. Beam, also called breastsummer or bressumer, set on the extremities of cantilevered joists (jetty) and supporting the posts of a wall above in timber-framed construction.

3. Main beam or girder in a floor, or any large beam, called a summer-beam supporting floor-joists.

4. Large stone, the beginning of a vault, or at the extremity of a gable.

5. Stone at the top of a pier or jamb supporting a lintel or arch.

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Summer

620. Summer

  1. Aestas personification of summer; portrayed as youthful and sprightly. [Rom. Myth.: LLEI, I: 322]
  2. Ceres goddess of the season. [Rom. Myth.: Hall, 130]
  3. cricket symbol of summer; weather prognosticator. [Insect Symbolism: Jobes, 382]
  4. naked girl with fruit personification of summer. [Art: Hall, 130]
  5. sickle and sheaf of corn representational of the season. [Art: Hall, 129]

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summer

summer2 †packhorse; (archit.) horizontal bearing-beam. XIV. — AN. sumer, somer, OF. somier (mod. sommier) — Rom. *saumārius, for late L. sagmārius, f. sagma pack-saddle — Gr. ságma.

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summer

summer1 second and warmest season of the year. OE. sumor, corr. to OS., OHG. sumar (Du. zomer, G. sommer), MLG. sommer, ON. sumar; rel. to Skr. sámā half-year, year, OIr. sam, samrad, W. ham, haf summer.

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summer

summerdormer, former, korma, Norma, performer, pro-forma, stormer, transformer, trauma, warmer •sixth-former • barnstormer •aroma, carcinoma, chroma, coma, comber, diploma, glaucoma, Homer, lymphoma, melanoma, misnomer, Oklahoma, Omagh, roamer, Roma, romer, sarcoma, soma •beachcomber •bloomer, boomer, consumer, Duma, humour (US humor), Nkrumah, perfumer, puma, roomer, rumour (US rumor), satsuma, stumer, Sumer, tumour (US tumor) •zeugma • fulmar •bummer, comer, drummer, hummer, midsummer, mummer, plumber, rummer, strummer, summa, summer •latecomer • newcomer • agama •welcomer •astronomer, monomer •ashrama • isomer • gossamer •customer •affirmer, Burma, derma, Irma, murmur, squirmer, terra firma, wormer

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