Stieglitz, Julius Oscar

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STIEGLITZ, JULIUS OSCAR (1867–1937), U.S. organic chemist. Born in Hoboken, New Jersey, Stieglitz was from 1892 professor at the University of Chicago, and from 1915 chairman of its chemistry department. He was attached to the U.S. Public Health Service 1918–31. He published papers on molecular rearrangements, catalysis, the theory of color production, and the application of the electronic theory of valency and wrote The Elements of Qualitative Chemical Analysis (2 vols., 1911) and Chemistry and Recent Progress in Medicine (1926), and edited Chemistry in Medicine (1928). He was president of the American Chemical Society and of the Institute of Medicine of Chicago.