Skip to main content

Phileas of Thmuis, St.

PHILEAS OF THMUIS, ST.

Martyr, first known bishop of thmuis in the Nile Delta, Egypt; d. Feb. 4, 306. Phileas was a learned and distinguished native of Thmuis who held many civil offices before his conversion and consecration as bishop. Imprisoned during the Diocletian persecution, he joined with three other Egyptian bishops, Hesychius, Pachomius, and Theodorus, in addressing a protest to Meletius, bishop of Lycopolis. Meletius's adherents had invaded their dioceses as well as that of Alexandria, thus beginning the meletian schism. The Acta of Phileas's martyrdom and eusebius in his Ecclesiastical History (8.9.710, 12; 8.13.7) tell of Phileas's trial and beheading with Philoromus, an eminent Roman official. The Acta and a stirring letter of Phileas to his people of Thmuis, given by Eusebius, are regarded by most scholars as authentic.

Feast: Feb. 4 (Latin Church); Jan. 9 (Greek Church).

Bibliography: eusebius, Patrologia Latina, ed. j. p. migne, 271 v., indexes 4 v. (Paris 187890) 23:687; Ecclesiastical History (Die griechischen christlichen Schriftsteller der ersten drei Jahrhunderte 9.13; 190309) 2:758764, 772773. r. knopf and g. krueger, eds., Ausgewählte Märtyrerakten (Tübingen 1929) 111116. Patrologia Graeca, ed. j. p. migne, 161 v. (Paris 185766) 18:509510, letter of bishops. h. leclercq, Dictionnaire d'archéologie chrétienne et de liturgie, ed. f. cabrol, h. leclercq, and h. i. marrou, 15 v. (Paris 190753) 14.1:703709. f. l. cross, The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (London 1957) 1061. h. delehaye, Analecta Bollandiana 40 (1922) 299314. f. halkin, ibid. 81 (1963) 127. Revue d'histoire ecclésiastique 58 (1963) 136139. m. simonetti, Studi agiografici (Rome 1955) 109132. Apologie de Philéas, évêque de Thmouis, ed. v. martin (Cologny-Genève 1964).

[m. c. mccarthy]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Phileas of Thmuis, St.." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 16 Aug. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Phileas of Thmuis, St.." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 16, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/phileas-thmuis-st

"Phileas of Thmuis, St.." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved August 16, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/phileas-thmuis-st

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.