Philharmonia Orchestra. Eng. sym. orch. founded 1945 by Walter Legge primarily to make recordings for the Gramophone Co. Cond. on records and in the concert-hall incl. Karajan, Klemperer, Toscanini, Furtwängler, Strauss, Giulini, Cantelli, and Dobrowen. Became principally assoc. with Otto Klemperer (prin. cond. 1959–73), who was made ‘conductor for life’. In 1964, after Legge had attempted to disband it, orch. became self-governing body named New Philharmonia, the ‘New’ being dropped in 1977. Salzburg début 1990 (cond. Sinopoli). Lorin Maazel assoc. prin. cond. 1971–3; Riccardo Muti prin. cond. 1973–82; Giuseppe Sinopoli 1984–94; Christoph von Dohnányi from 1997.
More From encyclopedia.com
Wolfgang Paul , Rihm, Wolfgang (b Karlsruhe, 1952). Ger. composer. Studied with Stockhausen 1973 and Huber 1974. Lect. at Karlsruhe Musikhochschule from 1973. Works… Anthony Collins , Collins, Anthony (b Hastings, 1893; d Los Angeles, 1963). Eng. viola player and then conductor and composer. Prin. va. LSO and CG orch. Left orch. pl… Ottorino Respighi , Respighi, Ottorino Respighi, Ottorino (b Bologna, 1879; d Rome, 1936). It. composer, conductor, string-player, pianist, and teacher. Went to St Peter… Carl Ruggles , Ruggles, Carl Ruggles, Carl [ Charles Sprague] (b East Marion, Mass., 1876; d Bennington, Vermont, 1971). Amer. composer. Earned living as youth as v… Sir Arnold Edward Trevor Bax , Bax, (Sir) Arnold (Edward Trevor) (b Streatham, London, 1883; d Cork, 1953). Eng. composer who was Master of the King's (Queen's) Musick 1942–53. Stu… Alfred Schnittke , Schnittke, Alfred (Garriyevich) [ Alfred Schnitke, Alfred Shnitke] (b Engel's, nr. Saratov, 1934; d Hamburg, 1998). Russ. composer. Private pf. lesso…
About this article
Updated About encyclopedia.com content Print Article
You Might Also Like