Moreno, Juan Ignacio
MORENO, JUAN IGNACIO
First cardinal born in America; b. Guatemala, Nov. 24, 1817; d. Madrid, Aug. 24, 1884. His full name was Juan de la Cruz Ignacio Moreno y Maisanove. Moreno left America with his parents in 1834. In Spain he studied law, first at Valencia and then in Madrid. He received a doctorate in law in 1842 and sometime after that chose the clerical life. He was ordained in 1849, and he became bishop of Oviedo in 1857, archbishop of Valladolid in 1864, and archbishop of Toledo in 1875. He was the first among Spanish bishops to publish the encyclical Quanta Cura and the Syllabus of Errors. Moreno was a stanch opponent of the Spanish governmental restrictions on the Church and religious orders. He took part in vatican council i, where he defended the dogma of papal infallibility. Moreno was made a cardinal by Pope Pius IX in 1869.