Skip to main content

Mathieu, François Désiré

MATHIEU, FRANÇOIS DÉSIRÉ

Archbishop of Toulouse, cardinal, historian; b. Einville (Meurtheet-Moselle), France, May 27, 1839; d. London, Oct. 26, 1908. He studied at the minor seminary in Pontà-Mousson and at the major seminary in Nancy. Even before ordination (1863) he taught in the minor seminary. After becoming a doctor of literature (1878), he acted as chaplain (1879) in the boarding school in Nancy run by the Dominicans, and was named honorary canon (1883) and pastor of St. Martin's parish in Pontà-Mousson (1893). He succeeded Charles freppel as bishop of Angers (Jan. 3, 1893). In his diocese he founded the Society of Priestly Vocations, reestablished the titles of archpriest and dean, and strove to assure the prosperity of the Catholic university. In 1896 he was transferred to the Archdiocese of Toulouse, taking possession of the see September 29. After being created cardinal (June 19, 1899), he was called to Rome, but he continued to administer his diocese until March 1900. In the Roman Curia he was a member of several congregations and was also charged with diplomatic missions. His publications included his doctrinal theses, L'Ancien régime dans la province de Lorraine et Barrois and De Joannis abbatis Gorziensis vita (1878). Le Concordat de 1801 (1903) attracted much attention, as did an article by him in the Revue des Deux Mondes (1904) on "Les derniers jours de Léon XIII et le conclave, par un témoin." He was elected to the French Academy (June 1906) and was received into membership (Feb. 7, 1907) by the Count of Haussonville. He died in London, where he had gone to participate in a Eucharistic congress. An original and distinguished personality, good-humored and simple, Mathieu put into effect the directives of Leo XIII, notably those concerning reconciliation between Catholics and the French Third Republic.

Bibliography: e. renard, "Un Cardinal de Curie: Le Cardinal Mathieu," Le Correspondant 285 (1921) 224256; Le Cardinal Mathieu (Paris 1925).

[r. limouzin-lamothe]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Mathieu, François Désiré." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 15 Dec. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Mathieu, François Désiré." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 15, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/mathieu-francois-desire

"Mathieu, François Désiré." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved December 15, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/mathieu-francois-desire

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.