Ivanios, Mar (Givergis Thomas Panikervirtis)
IVANIOS, MAR (GIVERGIS THOMAS PANIKERVIRTIS)
Malankar rite archbishop, leader in reunion efforts;b. Mavelikkara, Kerala, India, Sept. 18, 1882; d. Trivandrum, India, July 15, 1953. Ivanios, member of a leading Syrian family belonging to the dissident group in the ma lankar rite, received his early education in Protestant and government schools. After studies in the seminary at Kottayam he was ordained deacon in 1898 and priest in 1909. He was the first Kerala cleric to graduate from Madras Christian College, where he obtained an M.A. in economics (1906). In 1908 he was named principal of a school in Kottayam. He was instrumental in establishing the autonomy of the Syro-Jacobite Church in India under a catholicos (1911–12). From 1913 to 1919 he was professor of Syriac and political economy at Serampore College, a Protestant institution near Calcutta. In 1919 he founded and acted as superior of the Order of the Imitation of Christ, the first religious communities in his Church for men and women. The malines conversa tions led him to inquire about reunion with Rome. As bishop (1925) with the name Mar Ivanios, and as metropolitan (1928), he received the approval of other Syrian Jacobite leaders to continue his correspondence with Rome. In 1930 Mar Ivanios entered into union with Rome, along with his suffragan, Mar Theophilos, the members of his religious communities, and a few laymen. As archbishop of Trivandrum (1932–53), a see belonging to the Malankar rite, he strove for reunion with other Christians and was zealous in erecting churches and schools throughout his jurisdiction. In 1950 he established a university college. He traveled widely in Europe, Australia, Canada, and the U.S., and published many periodical articles and booklets in English and Malayalam on the liturgy of his rite and on the Syriac language.
Bibliography: m. gibbons, Mar Ivanios (Dublin 1962). e. tisserant, Eastern Christianity in India, tr. e. r. hambye (Westminster, Md. 1957) 157–162; Dictionnaire de théologie catholique 14.2:3143–49.
[e. r. hambye]
"Ivanios, Mar (Givergis Thomas Panikervirtis)." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 9, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/ivanios-mar-givergis-thomas-panikervirtis
"Ivanios, Mar (Givergis Thomas Panikervirtis)." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved December 09, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/ivanios-mar-givergis-thomas-panikervirtis
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.