Skip to main content

Elijah ben Ḥayyim


ELIJAH BEN ḤAYYIM (1530?–1610?), rabbi and halakhist, known as Maharanaḥ or M orenu ha-Ra v ib n Ḥ ayyim. Elijah was born in Adrianople and in about 1575 was appointed chief rabbi of Constantinople. His writings – including novellae, discussions on most of the tractates of the Talmud, and responsa – were stolen, but some were recovered and published. They comprise Teshuvot ha-Ranaḥ (Constantinople, 18102), responsa, with an appendix consisting of novellae on tractate Ketubbot published by his disciple, Isaac di Leon; Mayim Amukim (Venice, 1647), responsa, together with others by Elijah *Mizraḥi;Ha-Noten Imrei Shefer (Venice, 1630), homilies on the Pentateuch (the first edition entitled Mikhtav me-Eliyahu (Constantinople, 1624) was probably incomplete). He was highly regarded by later rabbis, among them Akiva *Eger, who praised his Teshuvot ha-Ranaḥ, which he used as a source for his decisions.


Conforte, Kore, 42a–b, 48b; Beer, in: Literaturblatt des Orients, 9 (1848), 805f.; Rosanes, Togarmah, 3 (1938), 32f.; Habermann, in: Sefer Assaf (1953), 217–22.

[Jacob Haberman]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Elijah ben Ḥayyim." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . 18 Jun. 2019 <>.

"Elijah ben Ḥayyim." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . (June 18, 2019).

"Elijah ben Ḥayyim." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Retrieved June 18, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.