Elijah ben Eliezer Philosoph Ha-Yerushalmi
ELIJAH BEN ELIEZER PHILOSOPH HA-YERUSHALMI
ELIJAH BEN ELIEZER PHILOSOPH HA-YERUSHALMI (fl. 15th century), scholar and Hebrew poet who lived in Crete. Elijah wrote a book on logic, Sefer Higgayon al Derekh She'elot u-Teshuvot (manuscripts in Leiden, Paris, and Parma), which is based entirely on Aristotelian logic, omitting the categories. He also wrote Perush Pirkei ha-Merkavah, a commentary on Maimonides' interpretation of Ezekiel's vision in his Guide (manuscript in Paris). In this work Elijah cites his commentary on the book of *Bahir. He is also the author of a number of poems written in Hebrew and Aramaic and of prayers in prose (Mss. Parma 997; Paris 707).
G.B. De Rossi, Manuscripti Codices Hebraici, 2 (1803), 163, no. 772, 3; M. Steinschneider, Catalogue Leyden (1858), 239ff.; Steinschneider, Uebersetzungen, 499, 523; idem, in: hb, 19 (1879), 63; 21 (1881), 27; Zunz, Lit Poesie, 518, 711; Zunz, in: zhb, 19 (1916), 61, no. 3, 63, no. 18; S. Munk, Manuscrits hébreux de l'Oratoire (1911), 54–56; Davidson, Oẓar, 4 (1933), 364. add. bibliography: C. Sirat, A History of Jewish Philosophy in the Middle Ages (1985), 344; Sh. Rosenberg, in: Daat, 1 (1978), 63–71; 2–3 (1979), 127–38; 7 (1981), 73–92.
[Jefim (Hayyim) Schirmann]