Elijah ben Abraham
ELIJAH BEN ABRAHAM
ELIJAH BEN ABRAHAM (first half of 12th century), Karaite scholar who may have lived in EreẒ Israel. He wrote a polemical tract Ḥilluk ha-Kara'im ve-ha-Rabbanim ("The Controversy between the Karaites and the Rabbanites"). In this Elijah lists 14 Jewish sects of which there remained in his time only four: the *Rabbanites, the *Karaites, the Tiflisites, and the followers of the faith (i.e., sect) of *Meshwi al-Ukbari. Following *Kirkisānī and other Karaite writers, Elijah considers that the breach between Karaism and Rabbanite Judaism is traceable as early as the time of *Jeroboam i. Elijah was the first Karaite author to relate the questionable Karaite tradition according to which *Anan b. David and other Karaites were the first Avelei Zion ("Mourners of Zion") in Jerusalem. The list of Karaite sages in Elijah's work includes authors not known from other sources and also Rabbanite scholars such as *Judah b. Eli of Tiberias and Judah ibn Quraysh. The author states in conclusion that "although the Rabbanim go astray in most of the mitzvot, they are our brothers and our coreligionists. And our soul grieves for their errors."
S. Pinsker, Likkutei Kadmoniyyot (1860), 19, 225 (first pagination); S. Poznański, Karaite Literary Opponents of Saadiah Gaon (1908), 72–74; Mann, Texts, 2 (1935), index; L. Nemoy, Karaite Anthology (1952), 4–8; Z. Ankori, Karaites in Byzantium (1959), index.
"Elijah ben Abraham." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Encyclopedia.com. (March 21, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/elijah-ben-abraham
"Elijah ben Abraham." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Retrieved March 21, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/elijah-ben-abraham
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.