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Elimelech of Lyzhansk

Elimelech of Lyzhansk (1717–87). Jewish Ḥasidic leader. Elimelech was the pupil of Dov Baer, and after some wanderings, settled in Lyzhansk in Galacia. He formulated the doctrine of the Zaddik and taught that he should lead his community in all spheres of life, not merely the religious. He believed that the Zaddik had a direct connection with the higher world, and that ‘every utterance of the Zaddik creates an angel and influences higher spheres’. His main work was a commentary on Torah, Noʾam Elimelekh (1787), but it is in effect an exposition of Ḥasidic ideology, and has remained an important guide for subsequent generations.

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