Elijah, Apocalypse of
ELIJAH, APOCALYPSE OF
ELIJAH, APOCALYPSE OF , apocryphal work. In the Stiehometry of Nicephorus, a Christian list of biblical books and Apocrypha generally dated to the middle of the sixth century, there is the item, "Of the Prophet Elias, 316 stichoi." Similar references are found in other early Christian lists and the List of 60 Books gives the title as The Apocalypse of Elias. The existence of such a work is confirmed by Origen's comment that the verse in i Corinthians 2:9 (Commentary to Matthew 27:9) is from the Apocalypse of Elias the Prophet. A similar claim is made by other Church Fathers, but Jerome, a great opponent of all apocryphal books, denies it vigorously (Epistula lvii [ad Pammachium], 9). This same verse is quoted in the Ascension of Isaiah 11:34, definitely from i Corinthians and perhaps independently in Pseudo-Philo (Antiquitatum biblicarum liber 26:13), Clement of Alexandria (Protrepticus 10:94), and elsewhere. Likewise, some ancient sources attribute a quotation in Ephesians 5:14 to the same source (cf. Schuerer, Gesch, vol. 3, 361ff.).
Two Latin documents containing quotations from the Apocalypse of Elijah have been discovered, one of particular interest (de Bruyne, in Revue Benedictine (1908), 146ff.), presenting a description of the torments in Hell. A similar revelation is shown by Elijah to R. Joshua b. Levi in the Chronicles of Jeraḥmeel (ed. by M. Gaster (1899), 34ff.). De Bruyne published additional Latin materials relevant to the Apocalypse of Elijah in Revue Benedictine in 1925. There are also two later Apocalypse of Elijah. One, in Coptic, first published by G. Steindorff in 1899 (there is a 1981 edition: The Apocalypse of Elijah, based on Pap. Chester Beatty 2018: Coptic text, ed. and transl. by A. Pietersma and S. Turner Comstock, with H.W. Attridge), probably preserves a considerable body of older Jewish apocalyptic material, including descriptions of the Antichrist. Similar descriptions are also to be found in the Hebrew Sefer Eliyahu, a work edited with an explanation in German by M. Buttenwieser (1897), who discerned in it an apocalypse written about 260 c.e. with later, supplementary materials. A description of the Antichrist is also found in quotations attributed to the Apocalypse of Elijah in the fragments published by F. Nau in Journal Asiatique in 1917 (Ilesérie, tome 9, p. 453ff.).
In addition to that cited above see M.R. James, Lost Apocrypha of the Old Testament (1920), 53–61; and dbi, Supplement 1 (1928), 456–8, both with bibliographies.
[Michael E. Stone]
"Elijah, Apocalypse of." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 22, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/elijah-apocalypse
"Elijah, Apocalypse of." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Retrieved April 22, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/elijah-apocalypse
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.