Breithaupt, Johann Friedrich°

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BREITHAUPT, JOHANN FRIEDRICH ° (1639–1713), German Lutheran Hebraist and Jurist. Breithaupt studied in Jena. He published Latin translations of Josippon (Gotha, 1707, reprinted in 1710) and of Rashi on the entire Hebrew Bible (3 vols., Gotha 1710–14). No earlier published version of Rashi's commentary had covered more than isolated books or sections, and Breithaupt's gained in importance as, in the 18th and 19th centuries, gentile Hebraists came to restrict themselves more deliberately to biblical Hebrew.


adb, 3 (1876), 292–4; Steinschneider, Cat Bod, nos. 4625, 6033/10, 6927/64. add. bibliography: Steinschneider, in: zhb, 2, no. 117 (1897), 93.

[Raphael Loewe]