Arethas, Archbishop of Caesarea
ARETHAS, ARCHBISHOP OF CAESAREA
Exegete; b. Patras, c. 850; d. c. 944. Possibly he was a pupil of the Patriarch of Constantinople photius; Arethas was prominent in the revival of classical and patristic letters at Constantinople during the latter part of the 9th century. He procured several classical manuscripts, of which the Cod. Clarkianus of Plato is the best-known survivor, and he is responsible for the preservation of many excerpts from the works of the early Church Fathers, particularly the Greek text of the Apologists. The Arethas codex (Paris gk. 451) testifies to his scholarship. He was ordained deacon c. 895 and became court orator to the Byzantine Emperor leo vi in 900. After his appointment to the See of Caesarea (c. 903), he produced a series of tracts and letters in opposition to the Emperor Leo's fourth marriage, for which the Patriarch of Constantinople nicholas I wished to grant a dispensation (906–907). Arethas wrote a treatise on polygamy, quoting patristic authors; a diatribe; and an elenchus against Nicholas's position. But later he seems to have acquiesced in the dispensation granted by the next patriarch, euthymius i. The most famous of Arethas's exegetical writings is his commentary on the Johannine Apocalypse (c. 913) based on that of Andrew of Caesarea (between 563 and 614). He wrote a commentary and gloss on the Pauline letters, attempted to complete the homilies of St. Basil of Caesarea on the Old Testament, and provided scholia for the writings of the earliest Church Fathers, such as clement of alexandria and justin. He fought for the right of asylum and against the translation of bishops. His pastoral interests brought him into contact with the theological problems of the day, and he wrote letters and sermons for the consecration of bishops and churches. Many of his writings are still unpublished.
Bibliography: Kirche und theologische Literatur im byzantinischen Reich 591–595. u. riedinger, Lexikon für Theologie und Kirche, 10 v. (2d, new ed. Freiburg 1957–65) 1:832. o. von gebhardt, "Der Arethascodex Paris Gr. 451" Texte und Untersuchungen zur Geschichte der altchristlichen Literatur 1.3 (Berlin 1883) 154–196. f. diekam, Analecta patristica (Orientalia Christiana Analecta 117 (Rome 1938) 230–236. g. heinrici, j. j. herzog and a. hauck, eds., Realencyklopädie für protestantische Theologie 2:1–5. r. j. jenkins and b. laourdas, "Eight Letters of Arethas," Hellenika 14 (1956), 293–372. r. j. jenkins et al., Byzantinische Zeitschrift 47 (1954), 1–40, Photius Scholia. j. schmid, Biblische Zeitschrift 19 (1931), 228–254, Apocalypse. j. compernass, Studi bizantine 1–44, psalms; 4 (1935), 87–125, translation of bishops.
[f. x. murphy]
"Arethas, Archbishop of Caesarea." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (January 18, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/arethas-archbishop-caesarea
"Arethas, Archbishop of Caesarea." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved January 18, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/arethas-archbishop-caesarea
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.