Anthony of the Holy Ghost

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Discalced Carmelite, moral theologian, canonist, spiritual writer, and bishop; b. Monte Moro Velho (Coimbra), Portugal, 1618 (baptismal date, June 20); d. Loandra, Jan. 27, 1674. He took the habit of the Discalced Carmelites in Lisbon, and after studying at the college of the order in Coimbra, he was ordained and became a lector in theology. He won some reputation for himself as a preacher, and held various offices of responsibility in his order, being successively prior of the Lisbon house, provincial definitor, and definitor for Spain. Nominated bishop of Angola by Peter II of Portugal, he took possession of his see Dec. 11, 1673, but died the following month. His works included: Directorium regularium (Lyons 1661), consisting of case studies in the law for regulars; Directorium confessariorum (Lyons 1668), a work for the guidance of confessors, with case studies on the Sacraments, censures, the Commandments, justice, law, and contracts; and Directorium mysticum (Lyons 1677, Paris 1904), a treatise on the spiritual life tracing the three ways in the Fathers, St. Thomas Aquinas, and St. Teresa of Avila.

Bibliography: Bibliotheca carmelitico-Lusitana (Rome 1754) 2830. silverio di santa teresa, Historia del Carmen Descalzo en España, Portugal, y América, 15 v. (Burgos 193552) 10: 665666. elisÉe de la nativitÉ, Dictionnaire de spiritualité des lettres françaises 1:717718.

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Anthony of the Holy Ghost

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