al-Rāzī, Fakhr al-Dīn

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al-Rāzī, Fakhr al-Dīn (1149–1209 (AH 543–606)). Prominent Muslim theologian and philosopher, who contested Muʿtazilites until compelled into exile, eventually settling in Herāt. There he founded a madrasa and was accorded the title of Shaykh al-Islām. He attracted many pupils, but because of his determination to show how theology and philosophy can be reconciled, he was accused by some of betraying Islam. His death may have been caused by poison.