Skip to main content

al-Muḥāsibī (‘he who examines his conscience’), Abū ʿAbd Allāh ḥārith

al-Muḥāsibī (‘he who examines his conscience’), Abū ʿAbd Allāh Ḥārith (c.781–857 (AH 165–243)). Shāfiʿite theologian who turned to ascetic renunciation and moral purification, and is regarded as the first Sunni mystic (Sūfī) to organize a theologically systematic approach to God. He was a prolific writer, with about 200 works ascribed to him. His Kitāb al-riʿāya li-ḥuqūq Allah (The Book of Observance of that which is Owed to God) is a book of spiritual advice, which includes the importance of self-examination (Arab., muḥāsaba), hence his name.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"al-Muḥāsibī (‘he who examines his conscience’), Abū ʿAbd Allāh ḥārith." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Encyclopedia.com. 13 Dec. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"al-Muḥāsibī (‘he who examines his conscience’), Abū ʿAbd Allāh ḥārith." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 13, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/al-muhasibi-he-who-examines-his-conscience-abu-abd-allah-harith

"al-Muḥāsibī (‘he who examines his conscience’), Abū ʿAbd Allāh ḥārith." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Retrieved December 13, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/al-muhasibi-he-who-examines-his-conscience-abu-abd-allah-harith

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.