al-Māturīdī, Abū Mansūr Muḥammad

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al-Māturīdī, Abū Mansūr Muḥammad (d. 944 (AH 333)). Contemporary of al-Ashʿarī, and founder (like him) of an important school of orthodox, conservative theology, which admitted a place for human reason, but not a paramount one. The differences between Ashʿarites and Maturidites were reckoned as thirteen, of which the most substantial was the former's emphasis on the absolute power of the will of Allāh, and the latter's emphasis that humans have freedom and responsibility.