al-Tabarī, abū Jaʿfar Muḥammad ibn Jarīr

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al-Tabarī, abū Jaʿfar Muḥammad ibn Jarīr (c.839–923 (AH 224–310)). Prominent Muslim scholar, best known for his history of the world, Taʾrīkh al-Rusul waʾl-Mulūk (Chronicle of Apostles and Kings). He also composed a vast commentary (tafsīr) on the Qurʾān, in which he gathered together earlier exegesis on an equally large scale. It became a standard work of reference for later exegetes, and is used to the present day. He also founded a school of sharīʿa, known as Jariyya, but it was so close to the Shāfiʿites that it did not persist.