Caulaincourt, Armand Augustin Louis, marquis de
Armand Augustin Louis Caulaincourt, marquis de (ärmäN´ ōgüstăN´ lwē märkē´ də kōlăNkōōr´), b. 1772 or 1773, d. 1827, French diplomat and general, created duke of Vicenza by Napoleon I. He became (1802) Napoleon's aide-de-camp, and as ambassador to Russia (1807–11) he opposed the emperor's war policy. He accompanied Napoleon as aide-de-camp in the Russian campaign and on his two-week dash from Russia to Paris (1812). Caulaincourt was foreign minister when Napoleon abdicated in 1814 and again during the Hundred Days. His remarkable memoirs of the years 1812 to 1815 were first published in 1933 and appeared in English as With Napoleon in Russia (1935) and No Peace with Napoleon! (1936).
"Caulaincourt, Armand Augustin Louis, marquis de." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (July 22, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/caulaincourt-armand-augustin-louis-marquis-de
"Caulaincourt, Armand Augustin Louis, marquis de." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved July 22, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/caulaincourt-armand-augustin-louis-marquis-de
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.