United Steelworkers of America v. Weber 443 U.S. 193 (1979)
UNITED STEELWORKERS OF AMERICA v. WEBER 443 U.S. 193 (1979)
This was one of an important series of decisions upholding the legality of affirmative action. In Weber, the Court held, 5–2, in an opinion by Justice william j. brennan, that a private affirmative action plan reserving for blacks fifty percent of the openings in a training program leading to plant employment did not violate Title VII of the civil rights act of 1964. Weber left open important questions about the permissible scope of affirmative action, including whether governments might resort to affirmative action without violating the Fifth or fourteenth amendment, and the extent to which private affirmative action programs may "trammel the interests" of white employees.