Rizzo v. Goode 423 U.S. 362 (1978)
RIZZO v. GOODE 423 U.S. 362 (1978)
Rizzo exemplifies the burger court's inhospitability to institutional litigation aimed at broad structural reform. Philadelphia citizens sued the mayor and other officials in federal court, alleging condonation of a pattern of police mistreatment of minority residents and others. The district court held long hearings, validated the plaintiffs' charges, and ordered the defendants to submit a comprehensive plan to improve complaint procedures and police discipline.
The Supreme Court, 5–3, held this order improper. The Court implied that the controversy lacked ripeness, and suggested that younger v. harris (1971) might protect the action of state executives as well as state courts. The decision, however, rested on the ground that police supervisors had been insufficiently involved in the proved misconduct to justify the court's systemwide order.
Kenneth L. Kasrt
"Rizzo v. Goode 423 U.S. 362 (1978)." Encyclopedia of the American Constitution. . Encyclopedia.com. (January 22, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/politics/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/rizzo-v-goode-423-us-362-1978
"Rizzo v. Goode 423 U.S. 362 (1978)." Encyclopedia of the American Constitution. . Retrieved January 22, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/politics/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/rizzo-v-goode-423-us-362-1978
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.