American basketball coach
Phil Jackson's preeminence as a National Basketball Association (NBA) coach is evidenced by his top-ranking winning percentage and nine championship rings. During the 1990s he coached the Chicago Bulls to six NBA titles. While star player Michael Jordan was given considerable credit for the Bulls' unprecedented pair of "three-peats," it is questionable whether he would have had such success under any other coach. Jackson, using the triangle offense, got the Bulls to play well as a team rather than just serve as a background to Jordan's solo act. He has since strengthened the Los Angeles Lakers, a team that had great talent in Shaquille O'Neal and Kobe Bryant , but could not prove that they were championship material. Under Jackson's eye, and again using the triangle offense, they quickly racked up three consecutive NBA titles. Since the days when he played for the New York Knicks, Jackson has been known as a non-conformist who is deeply interested in politics, philosophy, religion, and psychology. He touches on all of these subjects when he talks about basketball, but most analysts agree that amidst team meditations and recommended reading lists, it is Jackson's knowledge of the game and ability to work with star players that make him a highly effective coach.
Born in Deer Lodge, Montana, Jackson had an unusual childhood as the offspring of two fundamentalist ministers. His strict upbringing did not include dancing, rock music, movies, or television. However, he did participate in extracurricular activities at school, including basketball, football, and baseball. At six feet, eight inches tall and weighing 180 pounds, he was a great asset to his high school basketball team and went on to play at the University of North Dakota. Going to college, where he majored in religion, philosophy, and psychology, gave Jackson the freedom to question his beliefs and lifestyle. He also gained some forty pounds and drew attention from NBA scouts.
would soon play under Red Holtzman, who influenced Jackson's later coaching style with his team-oriented approach. As a player, Jackson was not a star, but was especially good at setting picks, rebounding, and playing man-to-man defense. He was also popular, though not universally admired, for his off-court behavior. Many young fans liked the fact that he rode his bike to Madison Square Garden, supported liberal political causes, was a (temporary) vegetarian, and experimented with LSD and marijuana. In 1975 Jackson detailed some of these experiences in his autobiography Maverick.
Jackson played in the NBA until 1980, missing the Knicks' 1970 championship season because of a back injury, but contributing to the team's 1973 title. In 1978 he was traded to the New Jersey Nets, for whom he would serve as a player-assistant coach for two years. Although he has been described as the least likely player to turn coach, Jackson soon began a coaching career with the Albany Patroons, a Continental Basketball Association team. With the hope of reaching the NBA, he spent five seasons with the Patroons. When he resigned from this job in 1987, Jackson was discouraged and considered going back to school. That was when the Bulls asked him to interview for an assistant coaching position prior to the 1987-88 season. Jackson shaved his beard and adopted a more conventional style of dressing than he had used at an earlier, unsuccessful interview with the team. He got the job, assisting Doug Collins.
One night in Milwaukee, the Bulls played exceptionally well under Jackson after Collins was ejected from the game. When Collins was later fired, his assistant became head coach for the 1989-90 season. Jackson proceeded to put a new emphasis on defense and to institute the triangle offense, as taught by his assistant Tex Winter, despite grumbling from a skeptical team. The triangle offense involves giving all five players on the floor opportunities to score by focusing on penetration, spacing, ball movement, offensive rebounds, and getting the ball to the open man. The move cut Jordan's scoring stats slightly, but drastically improved the team's performance as a whole. The Bulls were eliminated in the Eastern Conference finals that first year under Jackson, but went on to win the NBA championship in 1991, 1992, and 1993. Jordan retired after the 1993 season, troubled by his father's death and wanting to try his hand at professional baseball. But the Bulls' star returned to the team late in 1995 and was part of Chicago's championship teams of 1996, 1997, and 1998. A "repeat three-peat" was something that had never been done before in the NBA. This second string of titles was ended when Jordan retired again, Scottie Pippen was traded to Houston, and Jackson temporarily retired from coaching.
After a one-year hiatus, Jackson accepted a job offer from the Los Angeles Lakers and a five-year contract worth $30 million. The Lakers had some of the most highly-touted talent in the league, but they also had a reputation for disrespecting coaches, having huge egos, and fizzling in the playoffs. Since 1994, the team had performed disappointingly under Magic Johnson (briefly), Del Harris, and Kurt Rambis. It was a chance for Jackson to prove his skill with players and his knowledge of the game without the overshadowing presence of Michael Jordan.
In Los Angeles, Jackson did not hesitate to criticize his players. He warned that O'Neal was losing his role as a dominant figure in the NBA and that Bryant needed to stop showing off and shooting at will. He grumbled that his players had tiny attention spans. Yet another problem was bad feelings between O'Neal and Bryant. At practice, Jackson took a more disciplined approach and taught the basics, then the complicated triangle offense. O'Neal was quick to voice his support of Jackson, even calling him "my white father." Bryant looked forward to using the new offense to advantage but was offended by Jackson's gift of the book The White Boy Shuffle about a black kid living amidst whites. As a whole, a team known for partying was trying to show Jackson that they were cleaning up their act.
Under Jackson's new regime, the Lakers finally put it all together on the court. The team proceeded to claim the NBA title in 2000, their first since 1988, and again in 2001 and 2002. Even before the last of these titles was won, Jackson had achieved the best-ever winning percentage among NBA coaches at .738. His 156-54 win-loss record in the playoffs was also the best. The team's prospects in subsequent seasons will depend on whether Jackson will stay beyond his five-year contract, which ends with the 2003-04 season. O'Neal has said that if his coach leaves Los Angeles, he will also. However, by 2002 Jackson had formed an unusual alliance that might strengthen his ties to the Lakers, a serious personal relationship with Jeanie Buss, daughter of Lakers' owner Jerry Buss and vice president of business operations for the team. Jackson was divorced from his wife June, who had not moved to Los Angeles with him.
|1945||Born September 17 in Deer Lodge, Montana, to Charles and Elisabeth Jackson|
|1967||Drafted by the New York Knickerbockers|
|1969-70||Misses Knicks' championship season due to spinal fusion surgery|
|1978||Traded to the New Jersey Nets|
|1980||Ends NBA playing career|
|1982-87||Coaches Albany Patroons in CBA|
|1987||Hired as assistant coach by Chicago Bulls|
|1989||Named head coach of Chicago Bulls|
|1998||Retires from coaching, temporarily|
|1999||Signs five-year, $30 million contract with Los Angeles Lakers|
Related Biography: Basketball Coach Tex Winter
Tex Winter learned basketball's triangle offense while playing at the University of Southern California in the 1930s, and he taught the complicated system better than anyone else. He was a key figure in grooming the Chicago Bulls and the Los Angeles Lakers for a total of nine NBA titles. Phil Jackson said of Winter in Texas Monthly, "Tex is officially the God of Basketball…. I find him, as a mentor or a teacher, a wonderful guy to have around."
From an assistant role at Kansas State, Winter went on to jobs at Marquette University, Northwestern University, Long Beach State College, and Louisiana State University. He had a fifteen-year stint as head coach for Kansas State, where he was honored with the national coach of the year award for 1959. Winter briefly worked as an NBA head coach for the San Diego Rockets during 1971-73.
When Jerry Krause became general manager of the Chicago Bulls he quickly hired Winter in 1985. He worked under coaches Stan Allbeck and Doug Collins, neither of whom used the triangle offense. Winter was thinking of retiring when Jackson replaced Collins and adopted the system. When he joined Jackson with the Los Angeles Lakers in 2000, Winter had been working longer than any other active coach.
The question of why Phil Jackson is so successful constitutes an ongoing debate. As Jackson himself has pointed out, neither he nor Winter originated the triangle offense. He has simply used it more successfully than other coaches. His unconventional behavior, such as assigning poetry, philosophy, and novels for his players to read, is sometimes dismissed as mind games or as a screen used to mystify his other methods. The result, however, is clear. Jackson gets his players to focus on a common goal and in this mode they play well consistently. In an era when star players far outrank their coaches in salary and influence, he has proven that coaching is still essential to winning NBA titles. He has taken some of the NBA's finest individual players—Jordan, O'Neal, and Bryant—and made them integral parts of championship teams rather than independently functioning stars on teams that disappear in the playoffs.
Address: Los Angeles Lakers, 3900 W. Manchester Blvd., P.O. Box 10, Inglewood, CA 90306.
SELECTED WRITINGS BY JACKSON:
Maverick, Playboy Press, 1975.
(With Hugh Delehanty) Sacred Hoops: Spiritual Lessons of a Hardwood Warrior, Hyperion, 1995.
|NJN: New Jersey Nets; NYK: New York Knickerbockers.|
Awards and Accomplishments
|1973||Played on New York Knicks championship team|
|1985||Named CBA Coach of the Year|
|1991-93, 1996-98||Won NBA championship with the Chicago Bulls|
|1996||Named NBA Coach of the Year|
|2000-02||Won NBA championship with the Los Angeles Lakers|
|2001||Became first NBA coach to lead two different teams to multiple titles|
(With Charley Rosen) More Than A Game, Seven Stories Press, 2001.
Callahan, Tom. "The New Age of coaching." U.S. News & World Report (May 11, 1992): 61.
Deford, Frank. "Father Phil." Sports Illustrated (November 1, 1999): 82.
Deveney, Sean. "A close to perfect fit." Sporting News (June 26, 2000): 12.
Farley, Christopher John. "The Philospher Coach." Time (March, 20, 2000): 61.
Heisler, Mark. "Lost in the triangle." Sporting News (November 8, 1999): 36.
Jackson, Phil. "Phil Jackson Takes Off on His Sideline Offense." Scholastic Coach & Athletic Director (November, 2001): 4.
Reese, Joel. "Winter in L.A." Texas Monthly (June, 2000): 92.
Reilly, Rick. "He Dreams of Jeanie." Sports Illustrated (March 11, 2002): 80.
Samuels, Allison, and Mark Starr. "Doing it Without the Man." Newsweek (November 22, 1999): 85.
Samuels, Allison, and John Leland. "'My White Father.'" Newsweek (June 19, 2000): 56.
"Phil Jackson Coach Info." NBA.com. http://www.nba.com/coachfile/phil_jackson/ (2002).
Sheridan, Chris. "Shaq says he won't play for anyone other than Jackson." Associated Press File (January 18, 2002).
Sketch by Paula Pyzik Scott
"Jackson, Phil." Notable Sports Figures. . Encyclopedia.com. (June 16, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/sports/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/jackson-phil
"Jackson, Phil." Notable Sports Figures. . Retrieved June 16, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/sports/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/jackson-phil
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Phil Jackson (Philip Douglas Jackson), 1945–, American basketball player and coach, b. Deer Lodge, Mont. Jackson was an All-American at the Univ. of North Dakota. Drafted by the New York Knicks in 1967, he was a forward and a superb defensive player, playing on two championship teams (1970, 1973) and remaining with the team until 1980. He then entered coaching, proved to be extremely talented, and rose to become (1989) head coach of the Chicago Bulls. Known for his quiet style, natty courtside attire, philosophical bent, Zen beliefs, and devotion to the triangle offense, he was extremely successful at motivating and stimulating teamwork among disparate players. Jackson coached the Bulls during the team's glory days, directing such superstars as Michael Jordan and Scottie Pippen and leading his team to six National Basketball Association (NBA) championships (1991–93, 1996–98). In 1999 he took over as head coach of the Los Angeles Lakers. There, working with Shaquille O'Neal, Kobe Bryant, and others, he won three consecutive (2000–2002) NBA championships. He stepped down as Lakers coach in 2004 but the following year he agreed to return; he retired in 2011. The Lakers were NBA champions again in 2009 and 2010, giving Jackson the record for most NBA titles (11) for a coach. In 2014 he became president of the Knicks. Jackson's books include the autobiography Maverick (1975), Sacred Hoops (1995, with H. Delehanty), More than a Game (2001), and Eleven Rings: The Soul of Success (2013, with H. Delehanty).
See D. Whitaker, ed., The Gospel According to Phil (1997) and R. Lazenby, Phil Jackson's Long Strange Journey (2001).
"Jackson, Phil." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (June 16, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/jackson-phil
"Jackson, Phil." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved June 16, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/jackson-phil