Widely known as the director, since 1984, of New York's popular Mostly Mozart festival, trumpet-virtuoso-turned-conductor Gerard Schwarz is a musician whose versatility matches his refinement, elegance, and sense of balance. Often hailed as a passionate champion of American music, he also conducts the standard classical repertoire with consistent finesse and flair, bringing his profound knowledge of music to his interpretation of works ranging from the symphonies of Mozart to compositions by such leading twentieth-century composers as Andrzej Panufnik, Walter Piston, Howard Hanson, Alan Hovhaness, and David Diamond. Schwarz's background as an instrumentalist is not unusual: many conductors have started their musical career as orchestral musicians. Schwarz, however, had a stellar career as an instrumentalist. Writing in the American Record Guide, critic Barry Kilpatrick raved about Schwarz's artistry as a trumpeter, describing his playing as "a complete mastery that transcends the usual limits of the instrument."
As a conductor, Schwarz applied his ability to create a beautiful instrumental tone to the entire orchestra. Thus, as critic Robert Jordan asserted in Opera Canada, in his review of the Seattle Opera 2002 production of Richard Strauss's Salomé, "conductor Gerard Schwarz filled the entire Mercer Arts Arena with a sheen of sound, voluptuous and seductive but beautifully calibrated, so the singers were always audible." Jordan concluded by stating that, "Musically, this Salomé was virtually beyond reproach."
Born on August 19, 1947, in Hoboken, New Jersey, Schwarz studied with the great trumpeter William Vachianno from 1962 to 1968, launching a professional career while still in his teens. In 1965 he joined the American Brass Quintet, remaining with the group until 1973. With the American Brass Quintet, Schwarz toured the world, also playing trumpet in various orchestras. Having also studied composition with the noted American composer Paul Creston, Schwarz developed an interest in contemporary music and urged composers to write for his instrument. His reputation as a virtuoso was so solid that the New York Philharmonic Orchestra offered him the position of co-principal trumpet without even requesting an audition. Schwarz accepted the post, replacing his teacher, Vachianno.
A conductor since the late 1960s, Schwarz enjoyed such success that he faced a choice between two careers. The decision was made in 1977, when he resigned his New York Philharmonic Orchestra post, devoting all his energies to conducting. That year, Schwarz helped found the New York Chamber Symphony, becoming the ensemble's music director, a post he held until 2002. During his career as a conductor in New York, Schwarz won popular and critical acclaim for his energetic and imaginative musicianship and leadership. In the highly competitive world of classical music, in a city where orchestras need more than talent to survive, Schwarz not only inspired orchestras to reach for perfection but also brought classical music to a wider audience, sharing his immense enthusiasm with the public.
Schwarz's association with the Seattle Symphony started in 1983, when he accepted the post of musical advisor. The Seattle Symphony was a respected orchestra, but Schwarz's colleagues in New York thought that cultivating ties with Seattle was a terrible career move. After all, New York is the capital of classical music. However, Schwarz decided to ignore common wisdom and accepted, in 1985, the post of music director of the Seattle Symphony. Schwarz's gamble, if it was a gamble, has paid off: not only has his career flourished, but the Seattle Symphony attained the status of a world-class orchestra, recognized for its unique rich sound. During his tenure, Schwarz has not only conducted a large repertoire of standard works but has also performed many contemporary American works, establishing the orchestra's reputation as a great American ensemble. In addition to ten Grammy Award nominations, the orchestra received, in 1996, the first-place award for programming of contemporary music from the American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers (ASCAP).
Schwarz is also known for conducting premieres of important works, including Arbor cosmica and Symphony No. 10 by the twentieth-century Polish composer Andrzej Panufnik.
In addition to conducting symphonic music, Schwarz has received considerable critical acclaim for his work with soloists, as a conductor who understands the particular needs and idiosyncrasies of concert soloists. He has also, since 1982, conducted a large number of opera productions. In 1983 Schwarz conducted the American premiere of Richard Wagner's opera Das Liebesverbot. The year 1986 marked his Seattle Opera debut, with Mozart's witty Così fan tutte. Schwarz's work as an opera conductor encompasses many acclaimed productions, including such classical works as Mozart's Die Zauberflöte, Le nozze di Figaro, and Don Giovanni ; Beethoven's Fidelio ; and Verdi's La Traviata.
For the Record . . .
Born on August 19, 1947, in Hoboken, NJ. Education: Juilliard School of Music, Bachelor of Science and Master of Music degrees; studied trumpet with William Vachianno from 1962 to 1968; studied composition with Paul Creston.
Member of the American Brass Quintet, 1965-73; conductor for the Erick Hawkins Dance company, 1966; member of the American Symphony Orchestra, 1966-72; member of the Aspen Festival Orchestra, 1969-75; member of the Casals Festival Orchestra, 1973; music director of the Erick Hawkins Dance company, the Eliot Field Dance Company, the Waterloo Festival, the New York Chamber Symphony, the Los Angeles Chamber Orchestra; founded and directed the Music Today series in New York City, 1981-89; became musical advisor to the Seattle Symphony, 1983; appointed principal conductor, 1984; music director, Seattle Symphony, 1985–; music director of Mostly Mozart Festival, 1984-2001; named artistic advisor to Tokyu Bunkamura's Orchard Hall in Tokyo, Japan, 1994; co-artistic director, with composer Bright Sheng, of Seattle Symphony's Pacific Rim festival, Fusion—West to East: East to West.
Awards: Ford Foundation Award for concert artists, 1971-73; Stereo Review, Record of the Year honor for first recording of music by Howard Hanson, 1989; Musical America International Directory for the Performing Arts, Conductor of the Year, 1994; American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers (ASCAP), Champion of American and Contemporary Music, 2002; Pacific Northwest Branch of the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences, the first "IMPACT" Lifetime Achievement Award, 2003; John Moores University, Liverpool, England, honorary fellow; received honorary doctorates from Fairleigh Dickinson University, University of Puget Sound, Seattle University.
Addresses: Record company— Naxos of America, Inc., 416 Mary Lindsay Polk Dr., Ste. 509, Franklin, TN 37067, website: http://www.naxos.com.
Dedicated to reaching beyond the concert auditorium, Schwarz has consistently, ever since his days as a trumpet virtuoso, made recordings for several prominent labels. While his recordings comprise a wide repertoire, contemporary music, particularly music by American composers, stands out. For example, his 1989 recording of music by the American composer Howard Hanson (1896-1981) received a record of the year award from Stereo Review. While Schwarz has established himself as the preeminent interpreter of works by contemporary American composers, such as David Diamond, Walter Piston, and Alan Hovhaness, he is particularly esteemed for his performances of works by Hanson, whose opulent, almost visual, orchestral sound is the kind of musical challenge that a conductor like Schwarz truly welcomes. A true ambassador of classical music in a world dominated by popular culture, Schwarz has not hesitated to use the popular media to spread his message. His numerous radio and television appearances include educational programs, telecast performances, and broadcasts of many great works of music. In 1993 Schwarz received a Northwest Regional Emmy Award for a KCTS-TV Seattle presentation of a program entitled A Romantic Evening.
In 2001 Schwarz directed, with composer Bright Sheng, Fusion—West to East: East to West, the Seattle Symphony's popular Pacific Rim Festival. The following year, praising his exceptional work as a conductor of American and contemporary music, ASCAP cited Schwarz as an example of "the ideal American conductor." In 2003, the year he celebrated two decades with the Seattle Symphony, Schwarz received the very first "IMPACT" award, for lifetime achievement, from the Pacific Northwest Branch of the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences.
The Sound of Trumpets, Delos, 1983.
(Howard Hanson) Symphony No. 4, Delos, 1991.
(Bela Bartok) Concerto for Orchestra, Delos, 1992.
(Ludwig van Beethoven) Symphony No. 6 "Pastoral," Delos, 1992.
(Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart) Symphony No. 41 "Jupiter," Delos, 1992.
(Franz Schubert) Symphonies Nos. 5 and 8, Delos, 1992.
(Richard Strauss) Thus Spake Zarathustra, Delos, 1992.
(Franz Josef Haydn) Concerto for Trumpet, Delos, 1994.
(Alan Hovhaness) Symphony No. 1, Delos, 1995.
(Alan Hovhaness) Prayer of St. Gregory, Delos, 1997.
(Andrzej Panufnik) Symphony No. 10 (world premiere), JVC, 1998.
(David Diamond) Symphony No. 3, Naxos, 2003.
(Alan Hovhaness) Mysterious Mountains, Telarc, 2003.
(Walter Piston) Symphony No. 4, Naxos, 2003.
American Record Guide, September-October 1995, p. 270.
Opera Canada, Summer 2002, p. 36.
Seattle Post-Intelligencer, September 12, 2003.
Seattle Times, September 14, 2003.
"Gerard Schwarz," Seattle Symphony, http://www.seattlesymphony.org/orchestra/conductors/schwarz (November 19, 2003).
Schwarz, Gerard (Ralph)
Schwarz, Gerard (Ralph)
Schwarz, Gerard (Ralph), esteemed American conductor; b. Weehawken, N.J., Aug. 19, 1947. He commenced trumpet lessons when he was 8, and after attending the National Music Camp in Interlochen, Mich, (summers, 1958–60), he studied at N.Y.’s H.S. of Performing Arts; also received trumpet instruction from William Vacchiano (1962–68), and completed his training at the Juilliard School (B.S., 1972). He played in the American Brass Quintet (1965–73) and the American Sym. Orch. in N.Y. (1966–72); also made appearances as a conductor. After serving as co-principal trumpet of the N.Y. Phil. (1972–75), he pursued a conducting career. He was music director of the Waterloo Festival in Stanhope, N.J., and of its music school at Fairleigh Dickinson Univ. (from 1975), of the 92nd St. Y Chamber Sym. (later N.Y. Chamber Sym.) in N.Y. (from 1977), and of the Los Angeles Chamber Orch. (1978–86). He also appeared widely as a guest conductor; one such engagement, at the Mostly Mozart Festival in N.Y. in 1980, led to his appointment as its music adviser in 1982; he then served as its music director from 1984 to 2001, and subsequently was its conductor emeritus. He also was music adviser (1983–85) and principal conductor (from 1985) of the Seattle Sym. Orch. In 1989 he received the Alice M. Ditson Award for Conductors. In 1993 he stepped down as music director of the Waterloo Festival. From 1993 to 1996 he was artistic advisor of the Tokyu Bunkamura, a Tokyo cultural center. In 2001 he became principal conductor of the Royal Liverpool Phil., a position he was to hold concurrently with his music directorship of the Seattle Sym. Orch. Schwarz is duly recognized as one of America’s outstanding conductors, and a musician of uncommon attainments. He has won especial critical accolades for his discerning and innovative programs; his vast repertoire ranges from early music to the contemporary era.
—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire