Hungarian-American who was queen-consort of Albania. Name variations: Geraldine de Nagy-Appony. Born Geraldine de Nagy-Appony in 1916; daughter of Cyula Apponyi, count de Nagy-Appony; married Ahmed Bey Zogu, also known as Scanderbeg III or Zog I or Zogu I (Ahmed), king of Albania (r. 1928–39), in 1938 (died 1961); children: son Leka I (b. April 17, 1939); possibly others.
Ahmed Bey Zogu was one of Albania's largest landowners. In January 1925, he was elected president of the Republic, superseding the Council of Regency that had been established in 1921. By March, he was tailoring the constitution to enhance his power. On December 1, 1928, he declared himself King Zog I of Albania, using his powers for reform. But poverty in Albania was widespread.
In 1938, when he married 22-year-old Geraldine, an Hungarian-American, his country was in close collaboration with Benito Mussolini's Italy. So powerful was Italy's control that Albania became its vassal state. On April 19, 1939, two days after Geraldine gave birth to the Albanian heir, planes droned over the capital city of Tirana, dropping leaflets proclaiming that friendly Italian troops were about to enter the country to "reestablish order, peace, and justice." As Mussolini invaded Albania, Zog put his still-bedridden wife and newborn child into an ambulance and sent them down 160 miles of rough road to neighboring Greece. On arrival, Geraldine released an appeal to the world: "I left my husband leading his troops—his poor insignificant little Army—into battle. What could Albania do against such armed might as that which ground down on us?" One day later, Zog, along with 115 court followers and 10 cases of valuables, joined her in Greece; then the family spent their years in exile in Egypt. At the end of World War II, the monarchy was not restored, and Queen Geraldine and King Zog were officially deposed in 1946. Zog's sister, Princess Sania , married a diplomat and lived in Paris. His two other sisters were Majida and Muzayaj .
"Geraldine (1916—)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 23, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/women/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/geraldine-1916
"Geraldine (1916—)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . Retrieved September 23, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/women/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/geraldine-1916
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.