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Adam de la Halle

Adam de la Halle [ Adam de la Hale, Adam le Bossu] (b Arras, c.1245; d Naples, ?1288 or in England after 1306). Fr. trouvère, poet, and composer. Wrote in all genres current in 13th cent., both monophonic chansons and polyphonic motets. Few biographical facts known. Probably studied in Paris, returning to Arras c.1270. His Le jeu de Robin et de Marion, probably written for Fr. court at Naples, anticipated the genre of opéra-comique.

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Adam de la Halle

Adam de la Halle (ädäN´ də lä äl) or Adam le Bossu (lə bōsü´), c.1240–1287, French dramatist and poet-musician, one of the great trouvères. Many of his songs and polyphonic motets are preserved, as is the pastoral comedy with music Le Jeu de Robin et Marion (c.1283). Another work, Jeu d'Adam ou de la feuillée (1262), was one of the earliest forerunners of comic opera.

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Hale, Adam de la.

Hale, Adam de la. ( Adam de la Halle), See Adam de la Halle.

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La Halle, Adam de

Adam de La Halle: see Adam de la Halle.

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Adam de la Halle

Adam de la Halle

c. 1240–c. 1285

Performer
Poet
Composer

The Last of the TrouvÈres.

Adam de la Halle (c. 1240–c. 1285) is considered to be the last of the trouvères, the poet-musicians of northern France who specialized in writing poems and songs of courtly love. He was born in Arras in northern France (Picardy) and later probably studied in Paris. Also known as "Adam le Bossu" (bossu = hunchback), he is known for having written one of the earliest recorded secular dramas in French, a 1,099-line satiric play (apparently intended for performance at a local festival) that ridicules character traits of some of the citizens of Arras. Manuscripts of this work include music since songs were a part of the play, which had little plot but was full of proverbs and puns. Sometime after 1276, Adam entered into the service of Robert II, the count of Artois, and accompanied him to Naples where he wrote a poem about Charles d'Anjou, king of Sicily. He was celebrated as a singer as well as a poet-composer, and may have performed at a royal feast in England. His compositions include works both in the traditional monophonic style of the trouvères and also in the newly emerging polyphonic style. He wrote a number of love songs and a 780-line work closely related to the pastourelle, the famous Jeu de Robin et de Marion (Play of Robin and of Marion).

sources

The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians. 29 vols. 2nd ed. Eds. Stanley Sadie and John Tyrrell (New York: Grove's Dictionaries, 2001).

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Adam de la Halle

Adam de la Halle

Adam de la Halle (also Adan le Bossu [“the hunchback,” although he was not a hunchback], Adan le Boscu d’Arras, Adan de la Hale, Adan d’Arras, etc.), French trouvère poet and composer; b. Arras, c. 1247; d. probably in Naples, c. 1287. He was educated in Paris. He was active as a member of the Arras pui before entering the service of Robert II, count of Artois; he later was in Italy in the service of the count’s uncle, Charles of Anjou. His extensive output includes monophonie jeux-partis and chansons, and polyphonic rondeaux and motets. See E. de Coussemaker, ed., Oeuvres complètes du trouvère Adam de la Halle: Poésies et musique (Paris, 1872), N. Wilkins, ed., The Lyric Works of Adam de la Haie, Corpus Mensurabilis Musicae, XLIV (1967), and J. Marshall, ed., The Chansons of Adam de la Halle (Manchester, 1971). He also wrote Le jeu du Robin et de Marion (ed. by F. Gennrich in Musikwissenschaftliche Studienbibliothek, XX, Langen, 1962), a dramatic work with music that is akin to the narrative pastourelle.

Bibliography

H. Guy, Essai sur la vie et les oeuvres littéraires du trouvère A. d. I. H. (Paris, 1898); R. Barth- Wehrenalp, Studien zu A. d. L. H. (Tutzing, 1982).

—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire

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