Fonda, Jane 1937–
FONDA, Jane 1937–
Full name, Jane Seymour Fonda; born December 21, 1937, in New York, NY; daughter of Henry (an actor) and Frances Seymour (maiden name, Brokaw) Fonda; sister of Peter Fonda (an actor and director); aunt of Bridget Fonda (an actress) and Justin Fonda (an actor); married Roger Vadim (a director and producer), August 14, 1965 (divorced January 16, 1973); married Tom Hayden (an activist and politician), January 20, 1973 (divorced, 1989); married Ted Turner (a media executive and entrepreneur), December 21, 1991 (divorced May 22, 2001); children: (first marriage) Vanessa (a producer and owner of a production company); (second marriage) Troy Garity (an actor) and Luana Williams; stepchildren: (first marriage) Nathalie; (third marriage) five. Education: Attended Vassar College; studied acting with Lee Strasberg at the Actors Studio. Religion: Born–again Christian.
Addresses: Agent—Creative Artists Agency, 9830 Wilshire Blvd., Beverly Hills, CA 90212. Publicist— PMK/HBH Public Relations, 8500 Wilshire Blvd., Suite 700, Beverly Hills, CA 90211.
Career: Actress, producer, and writer. Worked as a professional model, appearing on the covers of Esquire, Glamour, Ladies Home Journal, McCall's, and Vogue, all in 1959; Actors Studio, New York City, member, 1960—; IPC Films, founder (with Bruce Gilbert), 1976; Fonda Films, Los Angeles, CA, founder; Tinwood Books, part owner, 2001—. Former owner of exercise studios; political and social activist.
Member: Actors' Equity Association, Screen Actors Guild, American Federation of Television and Radio Artists, Hollywood Women's Political Committee, Entertainment Industry for Peace and Justice (anti–war troupe; founder, 1971), Georgia Campaign for Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention (founder, 1995), Turner Foundation (member of the board of directors).
Awards, Honors: Variety New York Drama Critics Poll Award, Theatre World Award, and Antoinette Perry Award nomination, best featured actress in a play, 1960, all for There Was a Little Girl; Golden Laurel Award, top female new personality, Motion Picture Exhibitors of America, 1960; Laurel Award, 1960, for Tall Story; Hasty Pudding Woman of the Year, Hasty Pudding Theatricals, Harvard University, 1961; Golden Globe Award (with Christine Kaufmann and Ann–Margret), most promising newcomer—female, 1962; Golden Laurel Award second place, top female comedy performance, 1963, for Period of Adjustment; Golden Laurel Award nomination, top female star, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1967, 1968, 1970; Golden Globe Award nomination, best motion picture actress in a musical or comedy, 1965, Golden Laurel Award, comedy performance, female, 1966, both for Cat Ballou; Golden Laurel Award second place, female dramatic performance, 1967, for Hurry Sundown; Golden Globe Award nomination, best motion picture actress—musical/comedy, 1967, for Any Wednesday; Golden Laurel Award second place, female comedy performance, Film Award nomination, best foreign actress, British Academy of Film and Television Arts, 1968, both for Barefoot in the Park; New York Film Critics Circle Award and Academy Award nomination, both best actress, Golden Globe Award nomination, best motion picture actress in a drama, 1969, Film Award nomination, best actress, British Academy of Film and Television Arts, 1971, all for They Shoot Horses, Don't They?; Golden Laurel Award nomination, female comedy performance, 1970, for Barbarella; Academy Award, New York Film Critics Circle Award, and National Society of Film Critics Award, all best actress, and Golden Globe Award, best motion picture actress in a drama, 1971, Film Award nomination, best actress, British Academy of Film and Television Arts, all for Klute; Golden Globe Award, female world film favorite, 1973, 1979, and 1980; Fotogramas de Plata, best foreign performer, 1973; Golden Apple Award, female star of the year, Hollywood Women's Press Club, 1977; Film Award, best actress, British Academy of Film and Television Arts, Golden Globe Award, best motion picture actress in a drama, and Academy Award nomination, best actress, 1977, all for Julia; Academy Award, best actress, and Golden Globe Award, best motion picture actress in a drama, both 1978, for Coming Home; Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award, best actress, 1978, for Coming Home, Comes a Horseman, and California Suite; SANE Education Fund/Consider the Alternatives Peace Award, 1979; Film Award, British Academy of Film and Television Arts, and Academy Award nomination, both best actress, and Golden Globe Award nomination, best motion picture actress in a drama, 1979, Marquee Award nomination, best actress, American Movie Awards, 1980, all for The China Syndrome; ShoWest Award, female star of the year, National Association of Theatre Owners, 1979; Marquee Award, favorite film star—female, 1980; People's Choice Awards, best motion picture actress, 1980, 1981, 1982, and 1983; Academy Award nomination, best supporting actress, and Golden Globe Award nomination, best motion picture actress in a supporting role, 1981, Marquee Award, best supporting actress, American Movie Awards, 1982, Film Award nomination, best supporting actress, British Academy of Film and Television Arts, 1983, all for On Golden Pond; Crystal Award, 1981; Grammy Award nomination, best spoken word or non–musical recording, National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences, 1983, for Jane Fonda's Workout Record for Pregnancy, Birth and Recovery; Emmy Award, outstanding actress in a limited series or special, and Golden Globe Award nomination, best performance by an actress in a miniseries or motion picture made for television, both 1984, for The Dollmaker; rated number one heroine for young Americans, U.S. News & World Report Roper poll, 1985; rated the fourth most admired woman in America, Ladies Home Journal Roper poll, 1985; Academy Award nomination, best actress, 1986, for The Morning After; Golden Boot Award, 1993; Emmy Award nomination (with others), outstanding informational series, 1994, for A Century of Women; named one of the top 100 movie stars of all time, Empire magazine (Great Britain), 1997; Emerson College, honorary degree, 2000; Lifetime Achievement Award, Savannah Film and Video Festival, 2001; Gala Tribute, Film Society of Lincoln Center, 2001.
(Film debut) June Ryder, Tall Story, Warner Bros., 1960.
Voice of Debbie, Debbie (documentary short film), New Hampshire Children's Aid Society, 1961.
Kathleen Barclay, The Chapman Report, Warner Bros., 1962.
Kitty Twist, Walk on the Wild Side, Columbia, 1962.
Isabel Haverstick, Period of Adjustment, Metro–Goldwyn–Mayer, 1962.
Christine Bonner, In the Cool of the Day, Metro–Goldwyn–Mayer, 1963.
Eileen Tyler, Sunday in New York, Metro–Goldwyn–Mayer, 1963.
Melinda, Les felins (also known as Joy House and The Love Cage), Metro–Goldwyn–Mayer, 1964.
Herself, The Living Camera: Jane, Time–Life Films, 1964.
(Uncredited) Herself, Filmmaking on the Riviera, 1964.
Sophie, La ronde (also known as Circle of Love), Sterling, 1965.
Catherine "Cat" Ballou (title role), Cat Ballou, Columbia, 1965.
Anna Reeves, The Chase, Columbia, 1966.
Ellen Gordon, Any Wednesday (also known as Bachelor Girl Apartment), Warner Bros., 1966.
Renee Saccard, La curee (also known as The Game Is Over, La calda preda, and Tears of Rapture), Royal, 1967.
Julie Ann Warren, Hurry Sundown, Paramount, 1967.
Corie Bratter, Barefoot in the Park, Paramount, 1967.
Title role, Barbarella (also known as Barbarella, Queen of the Galaxy), Paramount, 1968.
Contessa Frederica, "Metzengerstein," Tre passi nel delirio (also known as Spirits of the Dead, Tales of Mystery, Tales of Mystery and Imagination, Histoires extraordinaires, and Trois histoires extraordinaires d'Edgar Poe), American International Pictures, 1969.
Gloria Beatty, They Shoot Horses, Don't They?, ABC/Cinerama, 1969.
Bree Daniels, Klute, Warner Bros., 1971.
Herself, F.T.A. (documentary), American International Pictures, 1972.
Narrator, Letter to Jane (documentary; also known as Lettre a Jane), New Yorker, 1972.
Iris Caine, Steelyard Blues (also known as The Final Crash), Warner Bros., 1973.
Her, Suzanne, Tout va bien (also known as All's Well and Crepa padrone, tutto va bene), New Yorker, 1973.
Herself, Introduction to the Enemy (documentary), IPC Films, 1974.
The night, The Blue Bird (also known as Sinyaya ptitsa), Twentieth Century–Fox, 1976.
Jane Harper, Fun with Dick and Jane, Columbia, 1977.
Lillian Hellman, Julia, Twentieth Century–Fox, 1977.
Sally Hyde, Coming Home (also known as Hemkomsten), United Artists, 1978.
Visitors from New York—Hannah Warren, California Suite (also known as Neil Simon's California Suite), Columbia, 1978.
Ella Connors, Comes a Horseman, United Artists, 1978.
Kimberly Wells, The China Syndrome, Columbia, 1979.
Alice "Hallie" Martin, The Electric Horseman, Universal, 1979.
Herself, Cultural Celebrities, Capital Studios, 1979.
Herself, No Nukes (documentary; also known as The Muse Concert: No Nukes), Warner Bros., 1980.
Judy Bernley, Nine to Five (also known as 9 to 5), Twentieth Century–Fox, 1980.
Chelsea Thayer Wayne, On Golden Pond, Universal, 1981.
Lee Winters, Rollover, Warner Bros., 1981.
Herself, Acting: Lee Strasberg and the Actors Studio (documentary), Davada Enterprises, 1981.
Madame Wang's, 1981.
Herself, American Mythologies, 1981.
Herself, Sois belle et tais–toi, 1981.
Herself, Montgomery Clift (documentary), Ciak Studio Productions, 1982.
Dr. Martha Livingston, Agnes of God, Columbia, 1985.
We Are the World: The Video Event, Columbia, 1985.
Alex Sternbergen, The Morning After, Twentieth Century–Fox, 1986.
Herself, Leonard Part 6, Columbia, 1987.
Harriet Winslow, Old Gringo, Columbia, 1988.
Iris King, Stanley and Iris, Metro–Goldwyn–Mayer/United Artists, 1990.
(In archive footage) Herself, Oscar's Greatest Moments, 1992.
(Uncredited; in archive footage) Herself, Cinema Verite: Defining the Moment, National Film Board of Canada, 1999.
Herself, Searching for Debra Winger, 2002.
(In archive footage) Herself, A Decade Under the Influence, IFC Films, 2003.
(With others) Producer, F.T.A., American International Pictures, 1972.
(With others) Director, Introduction to the Enemy (documentary), IPC Films, 1974.
Producer, Coming Home, United Artists, 1978.
(With others) Producer, The China Syndrome, Columbia, 1979.
Producer, Nine to Five (also known as 9 to 5), Twentieth Century–Fox, 1980.
Producer, On Golden Pond, Universal, 1981.
Producer, Rollover, Warner Bros., 1981.
Producer, Old Gringo, Columbia, 1988.
Acting coach, Bandits, 2001.
Television Appearances; Miniseries:
(Uncredited) Herself, The Ten Thousand Day War, 1980.
Narrator, A Century of Women (also known as A Family of Women), TBS, 1994.
Television Appearances; Movies:
Nora Helmer, A Doll's House (also known as Maison de poupee), ABC, 1973.
Gertie Nevels, The Dollmaker, ABC, 1984.
Television Appearances; Specials:
Gloria Winters, A String of Beads, ABC, 1961.
Superstunt (documentary), NBC, 1977.
Host, The American Film Institute Salute to Bette Davis, 1977.
Variety '77—The Year in Entertainment, CBS, 1978.
The American Film Institute Salute to Henry Fonda, CBS, 1978.
The Helen Reddy Special, ABC, 1979.
Barbara Walters Special, ABC, 1979.
Herself, The Making of "The China Syndrome," 1979.
The Sensational, Shocking, Wonderful, Wacky Seventies, CBS, 1980.
Wanda, Lily—Sold Out, CBS, 1981.
Sixty Years of Seduction, 1981.
Starring Katharine Hepburn, 1981.
I Love Liberty, ABC, 1982.
Judy Bernley, Lily for President?, CBS, 1982.
Herself, Night of 100 Stars, 1982.
Hostess, Olympic Gala, 1984.
Windows on Women, PBS, 1985.
"Maggie Kuhn," An American Portrait, CBS, 1985.
Fit for a Lifetime (also known as Lifetime Health Styles), Lifetime, 1986.
NBC News Report on America: Life in the Fat Lane (documentary), NBC, 1987.
The Special Olympics Opening Ceremonies, ABC, 1987.
Host, The American Film Institute Salute to Barbara Stanwyck, ABC, 1987.
Gregory Peck—His Own Man (documentary), Cinemax, 1988.
The American Film Institute Salute to Gregory Peck, NBC, 1989.
The Disney/MGM Studios Theme Park Grand Opening, NBC, 1989.
The Journey of Carlos Fuentes: Crossing Borders (documentary), PBS, 1989.
Time Warner Presents the Earth Day Special (also known as The Earth Day Special), ABC, 1990.
Night of 100 Stars III (also known as Night of One Hundred Stars), NBC, 1990.
Host, "Mysterious Elephants of the Congo," World of Audubon Specials (also known as National Audubon Society Specials; documentary), TBS/PBS, 1991.
Host, "Battle for the Great Plains," World of Audubon Specials (documentary; also known as National Audubon Society Specials), TBS/PBS, 1992.
Laughing Back: Comedy Takes a Stand, Lifetime, 1992.
Host, Fonda on Fonda (documentary), TNT, 1992.
"What Is This Thing Called Love?," Barbara Walters Special, ABC, 1993.
November 22, 1963: Where Were You? A Larry King Special Live from Washington, TNT, 1993.
Host, "Facts of the Mind," People Count, TBS, 1994.
Host, "Facts of the Heart," People Count, TBS, 1994.
Host, "The Facts of Life," People Count, TBS, 1994.
Narrator, Hollywood Stars: A Century of Cinema (documentary; also known as A Century of Cinema), The Disney Channel, 1995.
Herself, The First 100 Years: A Celebration, 1995.
Inside the Academy Awards (documentary), TNT, 1995.
Host, Moms of a Lifetime (documentary), Lifetime, 1997.
Host, Making It Happen—The Road from Rio (documentary), TBS, 1997.
Herself, "Henry Fonda: Hollywood's Quiet Hero," Biography, Arts and Entertainment, 1997.
Narrator, A Century of Women (documentary), CNN, 1998.
Host, Forging Ahead (documentary), TBS, 1998.
Host, Fishing for Answers (documentary), TBS, 1998.
Herself, A Celebration: 100 Years of Great Women with Barbara Walters (documentary), ABC, 1999.
Host, People Count: Six Billion (documentary), TBS and CNN, 1999.
Herself, Jane Fonda: The E! True Hollywood Story (documentary), E! Entertainment Television, 2000.
Robert Redford: Hollywood Outlaw (documentary), Arts and Entertainment, 2000.
Narrator, Intimate Portrait: Rosalynn Carter (documentary), Lifetime, 2000.
Host, Hot on the Trail (documentary), TBS and CNN, 2000.
Herself, AFI's 100 Years, 100 Thrills: America's Most Heart–Pounding Movies, CBS, 2001.
Herself, Peter Fonda: Fortunate Son, 2002.
Herself, A&E Biography: Peter Fonda (documentary), Arts and Entertainment, 2002.
Narrator, Complicated Women (documentary), TCM, 2003.
Herself, The Mark Twain Prize: Lily Tomlin, PBS, 2003.
Herself, World VDAY (documentary; also known as Until the Violence Stops), Lifetime, 2003.
Intimate Portrait: Eve Ensler, Lifetime, 2003.
Herself, The Biography Special: The Fondas (documentary), Arts and Entertainment, 2004.
Also appeared in Tell Them I'm a Mermaid.
Television Appearances; Awards Presentations:
Presenter, The 41st Annual Academy Awards, 1969.
Herself, The 44th Annual Academy Awards, 1972.
Host, The 30th Annual Tony Awards, 1976.
Cohost, The 49th Annual Academy Awards, 1977.
Herself, The 51st Annual Academy Awards, 1979.
Presenter, The 52nd Annual Academy Awards, 1980.
Herself, The 54th Annual Academy Awards, 1982.
Herself, The 11th American Music Awards, 1984.
Cohost, the 58th Annual Academy Awards, 1986.
The 61st Annual Academy Awards Presentation, ABC, 1989.
The 16th Annual People's Choice Awards, CBS, 1990.
The 62nd Annual Academy Awards Presentation, ABC, 1990.
The Sixth Annual Television Academy Hall of Fame, Fox, 1990.
Herself, The 7th Annual American Cinema Awards, 1990.
The 65th Annual Academy Awards Presentation, ABC, 1993.
Fourth Annual Environmental Media Awards, TBS, 1994.
Presenter, The Third Annual Trumpet Awards Ceremony, 1995.
Presenter, The Fourth Annual Trumpet Awards, TBS, 1996.
Presenter, The Fifth Annual Trumpet Awards, TBS, 1997.
Presenter, The Sixth Annual Trumpet Awards, TBS, 1998.
Presenter, The 72nd Annual Academy Awards, ABC, 2000.
Presenter, The 2000 Trumpet Awards, TBS, 2000.
The 61st Annual Golden Globe Awards, NBC, 2004.
Television Appearances; Episodic:
Person to Person, CBS, 1960.
Mystery guest, What's My Line?, 1960, 1964, 1967.
Password, 1962, 1963.
Herself, Cinepanorama, 1963.
The David Frost Show, syndicated, 1969.
The Great American Dream Machine, PBS, 1971.
(Scenes deleted) Herself, V.I.P.–Schaukel, 1972.
The Phil Donahue Show, syndicated, 1972.
The Mike Douglas Show, syndicated, 1974.
Headliners with David Frost, NBC, 1978.
Herself, "Hollywood USA: Jane Fonda, 40 ans," Cine regards, 1978.
The Tonight Show with Johnny Carson, NBC, 1981.
O'Neal, "The Security Guard," 9 to 5, ABC, 1982.
Herself, "Wetten, dass..? aus Bremerhaven," Wetten, dass..?, 1987.
Herself, "Michael Jackson: A Tribute," America's Top 10, 1989.
Herself, "Wetten, dass..? aus Oldenburg," Wetten, dass..?, 1989.
Herself, Le Divan, 1989.
Herself, The Rosie O'Donnell Show, syndicated, 1996, 1997.
Herself, Good Morning America (also known as GMA), ABC, 1997.
Herself, 20/20 (also known as ABC News 20/20), ABC, 2001.
Herself, Pgisha Leilit, 2002.
Herself, The View, ABC, 2002.
Also appeared in Girl Talk, syndicated; The Merv Griffin Show, syndicated.
Television Work; Series:
(With Bruce Gilbert) Executive producer, 9 to 5, ABC, 1982–1983.
Television Work; Movies:
(With others) Producer, The Dollmaker, ABC, 1984.
(With others) Producer, Lakota Woman: Siege at Wounded Knee (also known as Lakota Woman), TNT, 1994.
(Stage debut) Nancy Stoddard, The Country Girl, Community House, Omaha, NE, 1954.
Patricia Stanley, The Male Animal, Cape Playhouse, Dennis, MA, then Falmouth Playhouse, Falmouth, MA, both 1956.
Patty O'Neill, The Moon Is Blue, North Jersey Playhouse, Fort Lee, NJ, 1959.
Toni Newton, There Was a Little Girl, Cort Theatre, New York City, 1960.
Jacky Durrant, No Concern of Mine, Westport Country Playhouse, Westport, CT, 1960.
Norma Brown, Invitation to a March, Music Box Theatre, New York City, 1960.
Tish Stanford, The Fun Couple, Lyceum Theatre, New York City, 1962.
Madeline Arnold, Strange Interlude, Hudson Theatre, New York City, 1963.
Night of 100 Stars III (also known as Night of One Hundred Stars), Radio City Music Hall, New York City, 1990.
Free the Army (revue), U.S. Army bases worldwide, 1970–1971.
Also toured Southeast Asia with an antiwar troupe, 1971.
Fitness Videos; as Creator and Performer:
Jane Fonda's Workout (also known as Workout), Lorimar, 1982.
Jane Fonda's Workout for Pregnancy, Birth and Recovery (also known as Pregnancy, Birth and Recovery Workout), Lorimar, 1983.
Jane Fonda's Workout Challenge (also known as Workout Challenge), Lorimar, 1983.
Jane Fonda's Easy Going Workout (also known as Easy Going Workout, Prime Time Workout, and Jane Fonda's Prime Time Workout), Lorimar, 1984.
Jane Fonda's New Workout (also known as New Workout), Lorimar, 1985.
Jane Fonda's Low Impact Aerobic Workout (also known as Low Impact Aerobic Workout), Lorimar, 1986.
Jane Fonda's Workout with Weights, Lorimar, 1987.
Jane Fonda's Toning and Shaping (also known as Toning and Shaping and Jane Fonda's Workout with Weights), A Vision, 1987.
Jane Fonda Presents Sports Aid (also known as Jane Fonda's Sports Aid and Sports Aid), Lorimar, 1987.
Jane Fonda's Start Up (also known as Start Up and Start Up with Jane Fonda), Lorimar, 1988.
Jane Fonda's Complete Workout (also known as Complete Workout), Lorimar, 1989.
Jane Fonda's Stress Reduction Program (also known as Stress Reduction Program), A Vision, 1989.
Jane Fonda's Lean Routine Workout (also known as Lean Routine Workout), Lorimar, 1990.
Jane Fonda's Light Aerobics and Stress Reduction Program (also known as Light Aerobics and Stress Reduction Program), Warner Studios, 1990.
Jane Fonda's Lower Body Solution (also known as Lower Body Solution), Lorimar, 1991.
Jane Fonda's Step Aerobic and Abdominal Workout (also known as Step Aerobic and Abdominal Workout), Lorimar, 1992.
Jane Fonda's Pregnancy Workout, Lorimar, 1993.
Jane Fonda's Favorite Fat Burners (also known as Favorite Fat Burners), Lorimar, 1993.
Jane Fonda's Step and Stretch Workout (also known as Step and Stretch Workout), Lorimar, 1994.
Jane Fonda's Yoga Exercise Workout (also known as Yoga Exercise Workout), A Vision, 1994.
Jane Fonda's Personal Trainer Series: Total Body Sculpting (also known as Personal Trainer Series: Total Body Sculpting), A Vision, 1995.
Jane Fonda's Personal Trainer Series: Low Impact Aerobics and Stretch (also known as Personal Trainer Series: Low Impact Aerobics and Stretch), A Vision, 1995.
Jane Fonda's Personal Trainer Series: Abs, Buns and Thighs (also known as Personal Trainer Series: Abs, Buns and Thighs), A Vision, 1995.
Fitness Albums; as Creator and Performer:
Jane Fonda's Workout Record for Pregnancy, Birth and Recovery, Columbia, 1983.
Jane Fonda's Workout Record, Columbia, 1984.
Jane Fonda's Prime Time Workout, Elektra, 1984.
Jane Fonda's Fitness Walkout, Warner Bros. Records, 1987.
Jane Fonda's Complete Workout, Warner Bros. Records, 1989.
Jane Fonda's Light Aerobics and Stress Reduction Program (also known as Light Aerobics and Stress Reduction Program), Warner Bros. Records, 1990.
Jane Fonda's Weight–Loss Walkout, Warner Bros. Records, 1991.
(With others) F.T.A., American International Pictures, 1972.
Jane Fonda's Workout Book, photographs by Steve Schapiro, Simon & Schuster, 1981.
(With Femmy DeLyser) Jane Fonda's Workout Record for Pregnancy, Birth and Recovery, photographs by Steve Schapiro, additional photographs by Hella Hammid, drawings by Kathy Jacobi, Simon & Schuster, 1983.
(With Mignon McCarthy) Women Coming of Age, photographs by Harry Langdon, Simon & Schuster, 1984.
Jane Fonda's Year of Fitness, Health and Nutrition, Simon & Schuster, 1984.
Jane Fonda's New Workout and Weight–Loss Program, photographs by Harry Langdon, Simon & Schuster, 1986.
Jane Fonda's New Low Impact Workout and Weight–Loss Program, Simon & Schuster, 1988.
Jane Fonda's New Pregnancy Workout and Total Birth Program, Simon & Schuster, 1989.
Cooking for Healthy Living, recipes by Robin Vitetta, photographs by Joyce Oudkerk Pool, illustrations by Jennie Oppenheimer, Turner Publications, 1996.
Contributor of articles to magazines, including McCall's, Ms., Redbook, TV Guide, and Woman's Day.
Business Leader Profiles for Students: Volume 1, Gale Research, 1999.
Davidson, Bill, Jane Fonda: An Intimate Biography, 1990.
The Fondas, Citadel Press, 1970.
Haddad–Garcia, George, The Films of Jane Fonda, Lyle Stuart, 1983.
Holzer, Henry Mark, and Erika Holzer, Aid and Comfort: Jane Fonda in North Vietnam, McFarland & Company, 2002.
St. James Encyclopedia of Popular Culture, St. James Press, 2000.
American Heritage, July, 2001, p. 30.
Christian Century, July 5, 2000, p. 713.
Entertainment Weekly, November 1, 1999, p. 108.
Good Housekeeping, February, 1996, pp. 24–6.
Insight on the News, November 25, 1996, pp. 20–1.
Ladies Home Journal, September, 1998, pp. 196–201.
Newsweek, November 30, 1998, p. 59.
People Weekly, October 29, 2001, p. 19.
Time, October 27, 1997, p. 27; April 27, 1998, p. 85.
"Fonda, Jane 1937–." Contemporary Theatre, Film and Television. . Encyclopedia.com. (February 18, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/news-wires-white-papers-and-books/fonda-jane-1937
"Fonda, Jane 1937–." Contemporary Theatre, Film and Television. . Retrieved February 18, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/news-wires-white-papers-and-books/fonda-jane-1937
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
Nationality: American. Born: Jane Seymour Fonda in New York City, 21 December 1937; daughter of the actor Henry Fonda; sister of the actor Peter Fonda. Education: Attended Greenwich Academy, Connecticut; Emma Willard School, Troy, New York; Vassar College, Poughkeepsie, New York. Family: Married 1) the director Roger Vadim, 1965 (divorced 1970), one daughter; 2) Tom Hayden, 1973 (divorced 1989), one son; 3) Ted Turner, 1991 (separated 2000). Career: 1955—stage debut with her father in The Country Girl in Omaha; late 1950s—joined the Actors Studio, New York; 1960—Broadway debut in There Was a Little Girl; film debut in Tall Story; 1965—French film debut in La Ronde, directed by Vadim; 1971—toured Southeast Asia with Anti-War Troupe, and visited North Vietnam, 1972; 1976—formed own production company, IPC Films: series of commercial and critical film successes followed; 1981—marketed popular exercise program on record and videotape and in book; 1980s on—has made numerous aerobic and exercise videotapes. Awards: Best Actress, New York Film Critics, for They Shoot Horses, Don't They?, 1969; Oscar for Best Actress, and Best Actress, New York Film Critics, for Klute, 1971; Oscar for Best Actress, for Coming Home, 1978; Best Actress, British Academy, for Julia, 1978; Best Actress, British Academy, for The China Syndrome, 1979. Address: c/o Fonda Films, Inc., P.O. Box 491355, Los Angeles, CA 90049–9355, U.S.A.
Films as Actress:
Tall Story (Logan) (as June Ryder)
Walk on the Wild Side (Dmytryk) (as Kitty Twist); The Chapman Report (Cukor) (as Kathleen Barclay); Period of Adjustment (Hill) (as Isabel Haverstick)
In the Cool of the Day (Stevens) (as Christine Bonner); Sunday in New York (Tewksbury) (as Eileen Tyler)
Les Félins (Joy House; The Love Cage) (Clément) (as Melinda)
La Ronde (Circle of Love) (Vadim) (as the married woman); Cat Ballou (Silverstein) (title role)
The Chase (Arthur Penn) (as Anna Reeves); Any Wednesday (Bachelor Girl Apartment) (as Ellen Gordon); La Curée (The Game Is Over) (Vadim) (as Renee Saccard)
Hurry Sundown (Preminger) (as Julie Ann Warren); Barefoot in the Park (Saks) (as Corie Bratter)
Barbarella (Vadim) (title role)
"Metzengerstein" ep. of Histoires extraordinaires (Spirits of the Dead) (Vadim) (as Countess Frederica); They Shoot Horses, Don't They? (Pollack) (as Gloria)
Klute (Pakula) (as Bree Daniels)
F.T.A. (Foxtrot Tango Alpha; Free the Army; Fuck the Army) (Parker) (+ co-pr, co-sc); Steelyard Blues (Myerson) (as Iris)
Tout va bien (Godard and Gorin) (as She); A Doll's House (Losey—for TV) (as Nora)
Introduction to the Enemy (doc) (appearance)
The Bluebird (Cukor) (as Night)
Julia (Zinnemann) (as Lillian Hellman); Fun with Dick and Jane (Kotcheff) (as Jane)
Coming Home (Ashby) (as Sally Hyde); Comes a Horseman (Pakula) (as Ella Connors); California Suite (Ross) (as Hannah)
The China Syndrome (Bridges) (as Kimberley Wells); The Electric Horseman (Pollack) (as Hallie Martin)
Nine to Five (Higgins) (as Judy Barnly)
On Golden Pond (Rydell) (as Chelsea Thayer Wayne); Rollover (Pakula) (as Lee Winters)
The Dollmaker (Petrie—for TV) (as Gertie Knells, + co-pr)
Agnes of God (Jewison) (as Dr. Martha Livingston)
The Morning After (Lumet) (as Alex Sternbergen); Leonard Part 6 (Weiland) (as herself)
Old Gringo (Puenzo) (as Harriet Winslow, + pr)
Stanley and Iris (Ritt) (as Iris King)
A Century of Cinema (Thomas) (as herself); A Century of Women (Kopple) (as Narrator)
Cinéma Vérité: Defining the Moment (Wintonick—doc) (as herself)
By FONDA: books—
Jane Fonda's Workout Book, New York, 1981.
Jane Fonda's Year of Fitness and Health, New York, 1984.
Women Coming of Age, with Mignon McCarthy, New York, 1984.
Jane Fonda Cooking for Healthy Living, Atlanta, 1996.
By FONDA: articles—
"'I Prefer Films That Strengthen People': An Interview with Jane Fonda," in Cineaste (New York), v. 6, no. 4, 1975.
"Julia—Jane Fonda zu den Dreharbeiten," interview with D. Seyrig, in Frauen und Film (Berlin), December 1978.
"Never Play It Safe," interview in Films (London), March 1981.
"Jane Raw: An Emotionally Candid Fonda Opens up on Her Separation, Her Recovery, Her Lost Night in the Woods, God, and Death," interview with Sally Ogle Davis, in Los Angeles Magazine, October 1989.
"Remembering Dad," TV Guide, 11 January 1992.
On FONDA: books—
Springer, John, The Fondas: The Films and Careers of Henry, Jane, and Peter Fonda, New York, 1970.
Kiernan, Thomas, Jane: An Intimate Biography of Jane Fonda, New York, 1977.
Erlanger, Ellen, Jane Fonda, Minneapolis, 1981.
Haddad, G. G., The Films of Jane Fonda, Secaucus, New Jersey, 1981.
Guiles, Fred, Jane Fonda, The Actress in Her Time, New York, 1982.
Cole, Gerald, and Wes Farrell, The Fondas, London, 1984.
Spada, James, Fonda: Her Life in Pictures, London, 1985.
Vadim, Roger, Bardo, Deneuve and Fonda: The Memoirs of Roger Vadim, London, 1986.
Freedland, Michael, Jane Fonda: A Biography, London, 1988.
Anderson, Christopher, Citizen Jane: The Turbulent Life of Jane Fonda, London, 1990; rev. ed., London, 1993.
Davidson, Bill, Jane Fonda: An Intimate Biography, New York, 1990.
Collier, Peter, The Fondas: A Hollywood Dynasty, London, 1991.
Shorto, Russell, Jane Fonda: Political Activism, Brookfield, Connecticut, 1991.
French, Sean, Jane Fonda: A Biography, Trafalgar Square, 1998.
On FONDA: articles—
Peary, G., "Jane Fonda on Tour: Answering 'Letter to Jane'," in Take One (Montreal), July 1974.
Young, T., "Fonda Jane," in Film Comment (New York), March-April 1978.
Kroll, Jack, "Jane Fonda," in The Movie Star Book, edited by Elisabeth Weis, New York, 1981.
Bygrave, Mike, and Joan Goodman, "Jane Fonda: Banking on Message Movies," in American Film (Washington, D.C.), November 1981.
Pally, M., "Choice Parts," in Film Comment (New York), September/October 1985.
Current Biography 1986, New York, 1986.
Posner, C., "Jane Fonda's Most Important Part," in Films in Review (New York), March 1987.
Davis, Sally Ogle, "Jane Fonda Bounces Back," in Cosmopolitan, January 1990.
Adler, Jerry, "Jane and Ted's Excellent Adventure," in Esquire (New York), February 1991.
Radio Times (London), 12 September 1992.
Norman, Barry, "Whatever Happened to Baby Jane?" in Radio Times (London), 28 June 1997.
* * *
Jane Fonda's career has reflected her personal values and the political turmoil of her times. On the issue of Vietnam she acted in defiance of government constraints, risking surveillance and blacklisting, and at the expense of alienating her public. Years later, in 1984, conservative protesters picketed Marshall Field's department store in Chicago when she appeared there to promote a new line of exercise clothing. In September 1984, on the other hand, she was honored by earning an Emmy for her role in The Dollmaker, an ABC television presentation which she had attempted for 12 years to get on the air. Because of her celebrity and her outspokenness, her life became a public affair, fully documented in the popular press.
Fonda was born to a life of wealth and privilege. Her father, Henry Fonda, was a successful movie star, her mother an heiress of substantial means. After studying art, she had pursued a successful modeling career (twice featured on the cover of Vogue), before taking up studies with Lee Strasberg at the Actors Studio. Her first movie contract was with her father's friend, the director Josh Logan, for Tall Story in 1960, followed by Walk on the Wild Side and The Chapman Report. On the basis of these early films, the critic Stanley Kauffmann was among the first to acknowledge her talent in "performances that are not only fundamentally different from one another but are conceived without acting cliché and executed with skill." Ahead, however, were the consequences of her developing a political consciousness that would cause her to be variously described by others as a "lateblooming flower child" and an "all-American antiheroine." (Notably, her father once commented with disdain on her tendency to champion every social issue imaginable, calling her "Jane of Arc.")
In the next phase of her acting career the French director Roger Vadim transformed Fonda, after marrying her, into the sex goddess of his cartoonish Barbarella. About the same time, during the late 1960s, she became a social and political activist, dedicated to antiestablishment causes. A new seriousness was also reflected in her films, particularly They Shoot Horses, Don't They? and Klute. Her political instincts drew her to the radical French director Jean-Luc Godard, who featured her in Tout va bien in 1973. Protesting the Vietnam War she founded in 1971 an antiwar troupe (Entertainment Industry for Truth and Justice) which toured Southeast Asia and went on to produce a film entitled F.T.A. (Foxtrot Tango Alpha, Free the Army, Fuck the Army).
Her well-intentioned opposition to the war characterized her as a radical in the minds of many Americans and alienated her from viewers who were political conservatives, as did her marriage to Tom Hayden, an antiwar militant who had been a highly visible spokesperson for the radical Left. In movies her political commitment continued to surface in Coming Home (about the physical and psychological effects of the Vietnam experience), Julia (in which she portrayed Lillian Hellman), and The China Syndrome (concerning the danger of a meltdown at a nuclear plant, released, by coincidence, just before the near meltdown at the Three Mile Island plant in Pennsylvania, conservative critics of the film having foolishly judged the plot to be preposterous). Other films in her later career have also shown a continuing and genuine concern for important and timely issues. Nine to Five, for example, was a satire on the male-dominated world of business, which, despite its box-office success, was by no means a trivial picture. On Golden Pond was also a huge popular success, mainly because it offered nostalgic appeal by casting Henry Fonda (in his last film) opposite Katharine Hepburn; but it provided, at the same time, a thoughtful examination of the problems of old age.
By the mid-1980s the Fonda image had mellowed, though the actress still seemed seriously interested in the problems of women and in liberal causes. "I believe it's important to make responsible films," Fonda remarked at the time The China Syndrome was released. The marketing success of her exercise program indicated a degree of mainstream acceptance, and the Motion Picture Academy was surely impressed by the achievement of On Golden Pond, a film project that involved a substantial personal commitment for her in a production she had instigated. Winning the Emmy Award in 1984 was another demonstration of popular appeal, newly extended to television. In The Dollmaker she presented the struggle of a poor woman from the South, attempting to hold her family together through a unique dispute in a northern industrial city where her husband had gone to find work. The Dollmaker seemed more sincere than brilliant, but it was certainly superior to the usual television fare.
The later stage of Fonda's career indicates a kind of withdrawal from the controversy that had marked much of her work. After her divorce from Hayden, she chose films that addressed social issues, but decidedly safe ones. The Morning After, for example, dealt with the issue of substance abuse, as Fonda portrayed an aging alcoholic. In Stanley and Iris, she dealt with an illiterate Robert De Niro, helping him learn to read. The issues here were safe and a far cry from Vietnam (who could possibly be in favor of illiteracy or alcoholism?). Many have seen Fonda's mellowing and her apparent embracing of capitalism (with her fitness empire estimated to be worth tens of millions of dollars and her marriage to media mogul Ted Turner, from whom she is now separated) as a sign of hypocrisy; nevertheless, her melding of a political consciousness with an acting career has been hugely influential.
—James M. Welsh, updated by Matthew Hays
"Fonda, Jane." International Dictionary of Films and Filmmakers. . Encyclopedia.com. (February 18, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/movies/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/fonda-jane
"Fonda, Jane." International Dictionary of Films and Filmmakers. . Retrieved February 18, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/movies/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/fonda-jane
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Jane Fonda (born 1937) was a member of a famous American theatrical family and recipient of the industry's highest awards. Her numerous radical activities during the period of the Vietnam War brought animosity from some and adoration from others. In the post-Vietnam era, her multi-faceted career included films, television, exercise videocassettes, and writing.
Jane Fonda, her father Henry, and her brother Peter comprise the "Fantastic Fondas" of the theater. Jane was born in New York City on December 21, 1937, to Henry and Frances Seymour Brokaw Fonda. Born into wealth, her maternal lineage can be traced to the American Revolution leader Samuel Adams. She herself became something of a revolutionary.
When Fonda was 13 her mother committed suicide after learning of her husband's interest in a much younger woman, Susan Blanchard. Told that her mother died from a sudden heart attack, Fonda learned the truth a year later from a magazine story. Both she and Peter had difficulty coping, although Fonda believes Blanchard, whom her father married, did much to provide a stable home life for them. Fonda attended schools in New York and Vassar College, where she admittedly "went wild." Thereafter, she engaged in a whirlwind of studies in Paris and New York. Her first stage appearance was in 1954, but she did not seriously decide on an acting career until four years later while visiting her father, who lived next door to Lee Strasberg, director of the Actors Studio in Malibu, California. Friends urged her to go into the profession; Strasberg accepted her as his student, and she paid for her acting lessons with a brief but successful modeling career.
Fonda probably inherited some theatrical genius; certainly hers was a meteoric rise to stardom. A number of persons influenced her career, including her godfather, Joshua Logan, first husband, Roger Vadim, and director Sidney Pollock. She received many of the industry's highest awards, including two Academy Awards for Best Actress (Klute, 1971, and Coming Home, 1979). Both came before her famous father received one and after she was a controversial figure for her lifestyle, her rejection of many American traditional beliefs, and her outspoken anti-Vietnam War views.
Fonda became a heroine of the New Left for her activities in such causes as constitutional rights for American servicemen, Black Panthers, Native American rights, the Vietnam War, the anti-nuclear movement, and women's rights. Her life reflected the uncertainties, confusion, and rapidly changing values which began to rock America in the mid-1960s. To many she seemed mercurial, contradictory, and driven as the fighter for justice and peace. To others, she was naive, irritating, and an anti-American fool. Her causes were so numerous and undiscriminating that Saul Alinsky, fellow American radical, claimed that Fonda was "a hitchhiker on the highway of causes."
Fonda's first act of civil disobedience came in 1970 when she was arrested for illegally talking to soldiers against the military. Her radicalization was completed by what she saw and the people she met on a cross-country journey. Having left California as a left-wing liberal, she arrived in New York where she announced that she was a revolutionary woman, ready to support all struggles that were radical.
Fonda's support and fund-raising for the sometimes violent Black Panthers, including her relationship with Panther leader Huey Newton, led the FBI to place her under surveillance. Meanwhile, many differences with her father became public. As a life-long liberal, he sympathized with many of her views, but emphatically rejected her methods. Jane, in turn, rejected his idea that changes could be effected by electing the right officials into public office.
As her activities increased, government surveillance grew to at least six agencies at one time. Returning from Canada, she was infuriated when U.S. customs officials in Cleveland confiscated vials thought to be drugs. They proved to be vitamins and non-prescription food concentrates which she used to stabilize her weight.
Critics decried Fonda's exaggerations of American atrocities in Vietnam, which even supporters admitted were inflated. Many were astonished when she spoke as if she had visited Vietnam and witnessed the horrors she described. Ultimately, supporters arranged for her to go to Hanoi. When she publicly denounced American involvement there, she was labeled a "Communist" and "Hanoi Jane" by many back home. The State Department rebuked her, letters of protest filled newspapers, and at least one congressman demanded her arrest for treason. Yet Fonda seemed unperturbed by it all.
As the Vietnam War was ending, Fonda's radicalism diminished. Reconciliation with her father came in the early 1980s as they filmed On Golden Pond, a story which paralleled their own relationship in many ways. By the mid-1980s Fonda's popularity in films and television was such that to speak ill of her in Hollywood was to invite professional suicide. Her exercise salon, books, and videotapes became so popular that she may be remembered as much for them as for her films.
By 1985 she rarely spoke for radical causes. Rather, she seemed to have mellowed considerably. On a CBS Morning News television program she spoke of a new spiritual awareness during the filming of Agnes of God, and on CBS's America her comments and dress were quite subdued as she "plugged" her latest exercise videotape. She had moved from the radical to the respectable Jane Fonda.
Her personal life seemed stable as she and husband, former activist Tom Hayden, lived with her daughter Vanessa and their son Troy. Hayden sought a Senate seat from California in 1986, apparently both thinking that changes could be made by electing the "right" officials. Although her interests seemed to lie with her multi-faceted career and family, it seemed likely that Fonda could return to her former radical activism if she perceived that conditions demanded it.
In 1988 the "Hanoi Jane" issue raised its head again during filming of Stanley and Iris, which was being shot in a small Connecticut town. Old resentments among the towns-people about Fonda's role in Vietnam flared, leading her to issue her first public apology for her activities during the Vietnam War. She admitted that she'd been misinformed about aspects of the war, as well as some of her other causes at the time.
Fonda and Hayden were divorced in 1989. In 1991 she married media mogul Ted Turner, and settled into a much more domestic phase of her life. She announced that she was leaving her film career behind, and in 1996 confirmed that statement in a Good Housekeeping interview: "After a 35-year career as an actress, I am out of the business. That's a big change. Work, in many ways, defined me." Although she left behind her acting and producing career, Fonda was far from idle. In 1996 she published a cookbook, Jane Fonda: Cooking for Healthy Living. She also created a new series of workout tapes with the help of a physiologist called The Personal Trainer Series. Her goal with the new series was to design a program that anyone could stick with, stating in Good Housekeeping, "Anybody can do 25 minutes."
Although both are unauthorized biographies, Jane Fonda: The Actress in Her Time by Fred L. Guiles (1982) and Jane: An Intimate Biography of Jane Fonda (1973) by Thomas Kiernan provide interesting additional insights into the life of Jane Fonda and the sub-title of each accurately describes the contents. James Brough's The Fabulous Fondas (1973) gives considerable attention to Jane's life, but she shares space there with her father Henry and brother Peter. Also see Christopher Anderson's Citizen Jane: The Turbulent Life of Jane Fonda (1990) and Good Housekeeping (February 1996, page 24) □
"Jane Fonda." Encyclopedia of World Biography. . Encyclopedia.com. (February 18, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/jane-fonda
"Jane Fonda." Encyclopedia of World Biography. . Retrieved February 18, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/jane-fonda
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Jane Fonda, 1937–, American actress, b. New York City; daughter of Henry Fonda and sister of Peter Fonda. First cast in pert and sexy roles, she later distinguished herself in dramatic parts, often as a tough and disillusioned woman. Regarded as one of the best actresses of her generation, she is also a committed feminist and has occasionally left acting to pursue a radical, later liberal, political agenda. In 1971 she made a controversial trip to North Vietnam during the Vietnam War. In the 1980s and 90s she promoted physical fitness through a series of popular books and videotapes. She won Academy Awards for her roles in Klute (1971) and Coming Home (1978). Her other films include Cat Ballou (1965), Barefoot in the Park (1967), Barbarella (1968), They Shoot Horses Don't They? (1969), Julia (1977), The China Syndrome (1979), On Golden Pond (1981), Agnes of God (1985), and Stanley and Iris (1990). Over the years she married and divorced French director Roger Vadim, American radical and politician Tom Hayden, and American mogul Ted Turner. Fonda retired in 1991 but returned to the screen in 2005 in the comedy Monster-in-Law.
See her autobiographies, My Life So Far (2005) and Prime Time (2011); biographies by T. Kiernan (1973) and P. Boswell (2011).
"Fonda, Jane." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (February 18, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/fonda-jane
"Fonda, Jane." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved February 18, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/fonda-jane
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
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"Fonda, Jane." World Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (February 18, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/fonda-jane
"Fonda, Jane." World Encyclopedia. . Retrieved February 18, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/fonda-jane
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The Chicago Manual of Style
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"Hanoi Jane." The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. . Encyclopedia.com. (February 18, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/hanoi-jane
"Hanoi Jane." The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. . Retrieved February 18, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/hanoi-jane