Campbell, John Archibald

views updated May 18 2018

Campbell, John Archibald (1859–1909). Scots architect. He commenced practice in Glasgow with J. J. Burnet in 1886, and practised alone from 1897 to 1909 when he entered into partnership with Alexander David Hislop (1876–1966). Shawlands Old Parish Church, Pollokshaws Road (1885–9), is an essay in First Pointed, with a defensive street elevation and a dramatic north elevation facing Shawlands Cross in which parts of Dunblane Cathedral were quoted, but the Barony Church (1886–9— now the ceremonial hall of Strathclyde University) is a masterpiece of First Pointed, much influenced by the work of Pearson (who was adjudicator during the architectural competition) and again with quotations from Dunblane: in both of these Glaswegian works Burnet was deeply involved. On his own account Campbell designed the mighty office building at 157-67 Hope Street, on the corner with West George Street (1902–3), the great height of which relies on load-bearing masonry with cast-iron columns supporting steel beams spanning between internal brick piers. His last independent work was the office building at 84–94 St Vincent Street, Glasgow, the city's first steel-framed building, with a Portland Stone front.


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Williamson,, Riches,, & and Higgs (1990)

Burnet, David Gouverneur

views updated May 18 2018


David Gouverneur Burnet centered his career efforts in Texas.

Burnet was born April 4, 1788, in Newark, New Jersey. Before entering politics, Burnet served under Francisco de Miranda in 1806 in an endeavor to liberate Venezuela from Spain. He also studied law and pursued careers in business and speculation.

Burnet relocated to Texas and presided as a Texas district judge in 1834. In 1836 he participated at the Washington-on-the-Brazos Convention, where he drafted the Texas Declaration of Independence; in 1836 he served as the president ad interim of the Republic of Texas. He subsequently resigned, but returned to perform the duties of vice president. From 1846 to 1847 he acted as the secretary of state of Texas, the first person to hold such a position in the newly formed state.

Burnet died December 5, 1870, in Galveston, Texas.