David of Augsburg
DAVID OF AUGSBURG
Franciscan ascetical-mystical theologian; b. Augsburg, c. 1200; d. there, Nov. 19, 1272. He probably joined the Friars Minor in Regensburg, and studied and taught at the studium generale in Magdeburg; from 1235 to 1250 he was master of novices in Regensburg. In 1246 he was named visitator together with Berthold of Regensburg, and from about 1250 accompanied Berthold on his preaching missions. He also served as inquisitor against the Waldensians. As a spiritual writer, he ranks among the greatest of his time, both for the quality of his German and Latin prose and for his sober and circumspect mystical theology. His influence on the Schwabenspiegel (1268), devotio moderna, the Spanish Franciscan mystics, and the German mystics of the 14th century has been noted, although he has nothing in common with the extravagances of the last mentioned. His most important work, De exterioris et interioris hominis compositione libri III (Quaracchi 1899), appeared in more than 370 editions after 1240. His other Latin works include: Tractatus de oratione and Expositio Regulae OFM, Zeitschrift für Kirchengeschicte 19 (1898) 341–359; De haeresi pauperum de Lugduno, Abhandlungen des Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften (Munich 1835–) 14 (1878) 181– ; De septem gradibus orationis, Revue d'ascétique et de mystique 14 (1933) 146–170. Pfeiffer attributed eight German works to him: Die sieben Vorregeln der Tugend; Der Spiegel der Tugend; Christi Leben unser Vorbild; Die vier Fittiche geistlicher Betrachtung; Von der Anschauung Gottes; Von der Erkenntnis der Wahrheit; Von der unergründlichen Fülle Gottes; and Betrachtungen und Gebete.
Bibliography: f. pfeiffer, Deutsche Mystiker des vierzehnten Jahrhunderts (Leipzig 1845). f. hecker, Kritische Beiträge zu David von Augsburg: Persönlichkeit und Schriften (Göttingen 1905). d. stÖckerl, Bruder D. von A., ein deutscher Mystiker aus dem Franziskanerorden (Munich 1914). m. bihl, "Survey of Scholarship on D. of A.," Archivum Franciscanum historicum 7 (1914) 765–769; 18 (1925) 143–147; 26 (1933) 527–531. v. de peralta, "Mistocos Franciscanos," Estudios Franciscanos 24 (1920) 275–283. c. smits, "D. van A. en le invloed van zijn Profectus op de moderne Devotie," Collectanea Franciscana Neerlandica 1 (1927) 171–203. j. heerinckx, "Theologica mystica in scriptis D. ab A.," Antonianum 8 (1933) 49–83. a. rayez, Dictionnaire de spiritualité ascétique et mystique. Doctrine et histoire, ed. m. viller et al. (Paris 1932–) 3:42–44.
[m. f. laughlin]
"David of Augsburg." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 10, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/david-augsburg
"David of Augsburg." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved December 10, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/david-augsburg
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.