Skip to main content

David I, King of Scotland

DAVID I, KING OF SCOTLAND

Reigned 1124 to May 24, 1153; b. c. 1080; d. Carlisle. The sixth son of Malcolm III and St. margaret of scotland, David succeeded to the crown in 1124 just when his country was ready to enter into the mainstream of ecclesiastical reform then invigorating Western Christendom. His mother and brother had already introduced Anglo-Norman religious communities into the country in an attempt to break down the prevailing Celtic parochialism of church life. David's greatness lay in peaceably completing their policy. He founded at least 12 of the major benedictine, cistercian, and augustinian abbeys of Scotland, reorganized six of the ten dioceses, successfully resisted the encroachments of york, and forged the independence of the Scottish Church. A just and saintly ruler, he was popularly venerated as a saint after his death.

Feast: May 24.

Bibliography: Acta Sanctorum May 5:274. j. de fordun, Scotichronicon, ed. w. goodall, 2 v. (Edinburgh 1759) 1:292313. a. c. lawrie, ed. Early Scottish Charters (Glasgow 1905). a. o. anderson, ed. and tr., Early Sources of Scottish History, a.d. 5001286, 2 v. (Edinburgh 1922). g. w. s. barrow, The Acts of Malcolm IV, King of Scots, 11531165 (Edinburgh 1960); Feudal Britain (London 1956) 134145; ed., The Charters of King David I (Rochester, NY 1999). r. l. g. ritchie, The Normans in Scotland (Edinburgh 1954). Easson. w. daniel, The Life of Ailred of Rievaulx, tr. f. m. powicke (London 1950).

[l. macfarlane]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"David I, King of Scotland." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 21 Aug. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"David I, King of Scotland." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 21, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/david-i-king-scotland

"David I, King of Scotland." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved August 21, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/david-i-king-scotland

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.