entasis. In Classical architecture shafts of columns have a greater diameter at the bottom than at the top: the diminution does not result in slightly battered straight inclining slides, but a subtly convex curved swelling called entasis. In the Greek Doric Order from Paestum the shafts are much smaller at the tops than the bases, and the entasis is very obvious. Entasis can also be found on walls, spires, and towers. Entasis may have been noticed first by Allason in c.1814, but it was subsequently confirmed by C. R. Cockerell and Haller von Hallerstein. Allason published a paper in the Quarterly Journal of Science and Arts (1821) on the subject (but was indebted to Cockerell for material), and F. C. Penrose followed with detailed discussions in the 1850s.
More From encyclopedia.com
Abacus (architecture) , abacus (pl. abaci). 1. Flat-topped plate, also called tailloir, the upper member of a capital of a column on which the architrave rests. The Greek Do… Pediment , pediment. Low-pitched triangular gable following the roof-slopes over a portico or façade in Classical architecture, formed with raked cornices of th… Vitruvius , VITRUVIUS POLLIO (b. Italy, early first century B.C.; d. ca. 25 b.c.), architecture, architectural history. Life . For the facts of Vitruvius’ life w… Orders Of Architecture , orders of architecture: In classical tyles of architecture the various columnar types fall, in general, into the five so-called classical orders, whi… Rudolf Wittkower , Wittkower, Rudolf Wittkower, Rudolf (1901–71). German-born architectural historian. Educated in Berlin and Munich, he spent from 1923 to 1933 at the… Column , column, vertical architectural support, circular or polygonal in plan. A column is generally at least four or five times as high as its diameter or w…
About this article
All Sources -
Updated About encyclopedia.com content Print Topic
You Might Also Like