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Paestum. Greek colony in Italy, south of Naples, of which a group of ruined Doric temples survives (c.530bc–c.460 bc). This Doric Order has the most exaggerated entasis of any Antique example, and the very wide squat capitals on top of the shafts emphasize the primitive effect. The Paestum Order was much admired by Neo-Classical architects in C18 and C19, and was used where powerful effects were sought.


J. Curl (2001);
Dinsmoor (1950);
C. Normand (1852);
Jane Turner (1996)

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Paestum (pĕst´əm), ancient city of Lucania, S Italy. It was a colony of the Greek city of Sybaris (c.600 BC) and was first named Posidonia. It flourished with the rest of Magna Graecia through the 6th cent. BC The Romans took the city in 273 BC; they called it Paestum. The ruins, near the present Pesto, include some of the finest and best-preserved Doric temples in existence.