An action commenced and maintained by the mutual consent and arrangement of the parties to obtain a judgment of a court on a doubtfulquestion of lawthat is based upon facts that both parties accept as being correct and complete.
The action is considered amicable because there is no dispute as to the facts but only as to the conclusions of law that a judge can reach from consideration of the facts. An amicable action is considered a justiciable controversy because there is a real and substantive disagreement between the parties as to the appropriate relief to be granted by the court.
Other names for an amicable action are a case agreed on, a case stated, or a friendly suit.
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