Nations, Dependencies, Areas of Special Sovereignty

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The following information is provided as reference material only. The data do not necessarily correspond to official statistics published by the various states. Status of the World's Nations should not be considered legally definitive.

Diplomatic Relations

The United States has established diplomatic relations with 180 of the listed nations. These are designated by an asterisk (*).

Name of Nation

The short-form name of the nation (printed in bold type) is commonly used; the long form is used for official documents and formal occasions. In a few instances no short form exists; the long form must serve for all usages. Conversely, a long form may not exist or may seldom be used.


The sovereignty of dependencies and areas of special sovereignty is identified; where required, a note clarifies an entity's political status.


For each state the conventionally accepted capital city name, recommended for use on maps, is listed. In the several instances where states have more than one capital, information on each is given. Some dependencies have no capital city and may be administered from another dependency of the same nation. In the case of small multi-island insular states or dependencies, the island on which the capital is located is given, unless it has the same name.

UN Membership

UN membership is indicated by a (+).

Independent States 1in the World as of January 2005
Short-form nameLong-form nameFIPS 2Capital
* Diplomatic relations with the United States; + Member of United Nations
1.Afghanistan *+Islamic Republic of AfghanistanAFKabul
2.Albania *+Republic of AlbaniaALTirana
3.Algeria *+People's Democratic Republic of AlgeriaAGAlgiers
4.Andorra *+Principality of AndorraANAndorra la Vella
5.Angola *+Republic of AngolaAOLuanda
6.Antigua and Barbuda *+(no long-form name)ACSaint John's
7.Argentina *+Argentine RepublicARBuenos Aires
8.Armenia *+Republic of ArmeniaAMYerevan
9.Australia *+Commonwealth of AustraliaASCanberra
10.Austria *+Republic of AustriaAUVienna
11.Azerbaijan *+Republic of AzerbaijanAJBaku
12.Bahamas, The *+Commonwealth of The BahamasBFNassau
13.Bahrain *+Kingdom of BahrainBAManama
14.Bangladesh *+People's Republic of BangladeshBGDhaka
15.Barbados *+(no long-form name)BBBridgetown
16.Belarus *+Republic of BelarusBOMinsk
17.Belgium *+Kingdom of BelgiumBEBrussels
18.Belize *+(no long-form name)BHBelmopan
19.Benin *+Republic of BeninBNPorto-Novo
20.Bhutan +Kingdom of BhutanBTThimphu
21.Bolivia *+Republic of BoliviaBLLa Paz (administrative) Sucre (legislative/judiciary)
22.Bosnia and Herzegovina *+(no long-form name)BKSarajevo
23.Botswana *+Republic of BotswanaBCGaborone
24.Brazil *+Federative Republic of BrazilBRBrasília
25.Brunei *+Negara Brunei DarussalamBXBandar Seri Begawan
26.Bulgaria *+Republic of BulgariaBUSofia
27.Burkina Faso *+Burkina FasoUVOuagadougou
28.Burma *+Union of BurmaBMRangoon
29.Burundi *+Republic of BurundiBYBujumbura
30.Cambodia *+Kingdom of CambodiaCBPhnom Penh
31.Cameroon *+Republic of CameroonCMYaoundé
32.Canada *+(no long-form name)CAOttawa
33.Cape Verde *+Republic of Cape VerdeCVPraia
34.Central African Republic *+Central African RepublicCTBangui
35.Chad *+Republic of ChadCDN'Djamena
36.Chile *+Republic of ChileCISantiago
37.China *+ (see note 3)People's Republic of ChinaCHBeijing
38.Colombia *+Republic of ColombiaCOBogotá
39.Comoros *+Union of ComorosCNMoroni
40.Congo (Brazzaville) *+ (4)Republic of the CongoCFBrazzaville
41.Congo (Kinshasa) *+ (4)Democratic Republic of the CongoCGKinshasa
42.Costa Rica *+Republic of Costa RicaCSSan José
43.Côte d'Ivoire *+Republic of Côte d'IvoireIVYamoussoukro
44.Croatia *+Republic of CroatiaHRZagreb
45.Cuba +Republic of CubaCUHavana
46.Cyprus *+Republic of CyprusCYNicosia
47.Czech Republic *+Czech RepublicEZPrague
48.Denmark *+Kingdom of DenmarkDACopenhagen
49.Djibouti *+Republic of DjiboutiDJDjibouti
50.Dominica *+Commonwealth of DominicaDORoseau
51.Dominican Republic *+Dominican RepublicDRSanto Domingo
52.East Timor*+Democratic Republic of East TimorTTDili
53.Ecuador *+Republic of EcuadorECQuito
54.Egypt *+Arab Republic of EgyptEGCairo
Short-form nameLong-form nameFIPS 2Capital
* Diplomatic relations with the United States; + Member of United Nations
55.El Salvador *+Republic of El SalvadorESSan Salvador
56.Equatorial Guinea *+Republic of Equatorial GuineaEKMalabo
57.Eritrea *+State of EritreaERAsmara
58.Estonia *+Republic of EstoniaENTallinn
59.Ethiopia *+Federal Democratic Republic of EthiopiaETAddis Ababa
60.Fiji *+Republic of the Fiji IslandsFJSuva
61.Finland *+Republic of FinlandFIHelsinki
62.France *+French RepublicFRParis
63.Gabon *+Gabonese RepublicGBLibreville
64.Gambia, The *+Republic of The GambiaGABanjul
65.Georgia *+Republic of GeorgiaGGT'bilisi
66.Germany *+Federal Republic of GermanyGMBerlin
67.Ghana *+Republic of GhanaGHAccra
68.Greece *+Hellenic RepublicGRAthens
69.Grenada *+(no long-form name)GJSaint George's
70.Guatemala *+Republic of GuatemalaGTGuatemala
71.Guinea *+Republic of GuineaGVConakry
72.Guinea-Bissau *+Republic of Guinea-BissauPUBissau
73.Guyana *+Co-operative Republic of GuyanaGYGeorgetown
74.Haiti *+Republic of HaitiHAPort-au-Prince
75.Holy See *Holy SeeVTVatican City
76.Honduras *+Republic of HondurasHOTegucigalpa
77.Hungary *+Republic of HungaryHUBudapest
78.Iceland *+Republic of IcelandICReykjavík
79.India *+Republic of IndiaINNew Delhi
80.Indonesia *+Republic of IndonesiaIDJakarta
81.Iran +Islamic Republic of IranIRTehran
82.Iraq +Republic of IraqIZBaghdad
83.Ireland *+(no long-form name)EIDublin
84.Israel *+State of IsraelISJerusalem (see note 5)
85.Italy *+Italian RepublicITRome
86.Jamaica *+(no long-form name)JMKingston
87.Japan *+(no long-form name)JATokyo
88.Jordan *+Hashemite Kingdom of JordanJOAmman
89.Kazakhstan *+Republic of KazakhstanKZAstana
90.Kenya *+Republic of KenyaKENairobi
91.Kiribati *+Republic of KiribatiKRTarawa
92.Korea, North +Democratic People's Republic of KoreaKNP'yongyang
93.Korea, South *+Republic of KoreaKSSeoul
94.Kuwait *+State of KuwaitKUKuwait
95.Kyrgyzstan *+Kyrgyz RepublicKGBishkek
96.Laos *+Lao People's Democratic RepublicLAVientiane
97.Latvia *+Republic of LatviaLGRiga
98.Lebanon *+Lebanese RepublicLEBeirut
99.Lesotho *+Kingdom of LesothoLTMaseru
100.Liberia *+Republic of LiberiaLIMonrovia
101.Libya *+Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab JamahiriyaLYTripoli
102.Liechtenstein *+Principality of LiechtensteinLSVaduz
103.Lithuania *+Republic of LithuaniaLHVilnius
104.Luxembourg *+Grand Duchy of LuxembourgLULuxembourg
105.Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of *+The Former Yugoslav Republic of MacedoniaMKSkopje
106.Madagascar *+Republic of MadagascarMAAntananarivo
107.Malawi *+Republic of MalawiMILilongwe
108.Malaysia *+(no long-form name)MYKuala Lumpur
109.Maldives *+Republic of MaldivesMVMale
110.Mali *+Republic of MaliMLBamako
Short-form nameLong-form nameFIPS 2Capital
* Diplomatic relations with the United States; + Member of United Nations
111.Malta *+Republic of MaltaMTValletta
112.Marshall Islands *+Republic of the Marshall IslandsRMMajuro
113.Mauritania *+Islamic Republic of MauritaniaMRNouakchott
114.Mauritius *+Republic of MauritiusMPPort Louis
115.Mexico *+United Mexican StatesMXMexico
116.Micronesia, Federated States of *+Federated States of MicronesiaFMPalikir
117.Moldova *+Republic of MoldovaMDChisinau
118.Monaco *+Principality of MonacoMNMonaco
119.Mongolia *+(no long-form name)MGUlaanbaatar
120.Morocco *+Kingdom of MoroccoMORabat
121.Mozambique *+Republic of MozambiqueMZMaputo
122.Namibia *+Republic of NamibiaWAWindhoek
123.Nauru *+Republic of NauruNRYaren District (no capital city)
124.Nepal *+Kingdom of NepalNPKathmandu
125.Netherlands *+Kingdom of the NetherlandsNLAmsterdam The Hague (seat of gov't)
126.New Zealand *+(no long-form name)NZWellington
127.Nicaragua *+Republic of NicaraguaNUManagua
128.Niger *+Republic of NigerNGNiamey
129.Nigeria *+Federal Republic of NigeriaNIAbuja
130.Norway *+Kingdom of NorwayNOOslo
131.Oman *+Sultanate of OmanMUMuscat
132.Pakistan *+Islamic Republic of PakistanPKIslamabad
133.Palau *+Republic of PalauPSKoror
134.Panama *+Republic of PanamaPMPanama
135.Papua New Guinea *+Independent State of Papua New GuineaPPPort Moresby
136.Paraguay *+Republic of ParaguayPAAsunción
137.Peru *+Republic of PeruPELima
138.Philippines *+Republic of the PhilippinesRPManila
139.Poland *+Republic of PolandPLWarsaw
140.Portugal *+Portuguese RepublicPOLisbon
141.Qatar *+State of QatarQADoha
142.Romania *+(no long-form name)ROBucharest
143.Russia *+Russian FederationRSMoscow
144.Rwanda *+Rwandese RepublicRWKigali
145.Saint Kitts and Nevis *+Federation of Saint Kitts and NevisSCBasseterre
146.Saint Lucia *+(no long-form name)STCastries
147.Saint Vincent and the Grenadines *+(no long-form name)VCKingstown
148.Samoa *+Independent State of SamoaWSApia
149.San Marino *+Republic of San MarinoSMSan Marino
150.São Tomé and Príncipe *+Democratic Republic of São Tomé and PríncipeTPSão Tomé
151.Saudi Arabia *+Kingdom of Saudi ArabiaSARiyadh
152.Senegal *+Republic of SenegalSGDakar
153.Serbia and Montenegro*+(no long-form name)YIBelgrade
154.Seychelles *+Republic of SeychellesSEVictoria
155.Sierra Leone *+Republic of Sierra LeoneSLFreetown
156.Singapore *+Republic of SingaporeSNSingapore
157.Slovakia *+Slovak RepublicLOBratislava
158.Slovenia *+Republic of SloveniaSILjubljana
159.Solomon Islands *+(no long-form name)BPHoniara
160.Somalia *+(no long-form name)SOMogadishu
161.South Africa *+Republic of South AfricaSFPretoria (administrative) Cape Town (legislative) Bloemfontein (judiciary)
162.Spain *+Kingdom of SpainSPMadrid
Short-form nameLong-form nameFIPS 2capital
* Diplomatic relations with the United States; + Member of United Nations
163.Sri Lanka *+Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri LankaCEColombo Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte (legislative)
164.Sudan *+Republic of the SudanSUKhartoum
165.Suriname *+Republic of SurinameNSParamaribo
166.Swaziland *+Kingdom of SwazilandWZMbabane (administrative) Lobamba (legislative)
167.Sweden *+Kingdom of SwedenSWStockholm
168.Switzerland *Swiss ConfederationSZBern
169.Syria *+Syrian Arab RepublicSYDamascus
170.Tajikistan *+Republic of TajikistanTIDushanbe
171.Tanzania *+United Republic of TanzaniaTZDar es Salaam Dodoma (legislative)
172.Thailand *+Kingdom of ThailandTHBangkok
173.Togo *+Togolese RepublicTOLomé
174.Tonga *+Kingdom of TongaTNNuku'alofa
175.Trinidad and Tobago *+Republic of Trinidad and TobagoTDPort-of-Spain
176.Tunisia *+Republic of TunisiaTSTunis
177.Turkey *+Republic of TurkeyTUAnkara
178.Turkmenistan *+(no long-form name)TXAshgabat
179.Tuvalu *+(no long-form name)TVFunafuti
180.Uganda *+Republic of UgandaUGKampala
181.Ukraine *+(no long-form name)UPKiev
182.United Arab Emirates *+United Arab EmiratesAEAbu Dhabi
183.United Kingdom *+United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandUKLondon
184.United States +United States of AmericaUSWashington, DC
185.Uruguay *+Oriental Republic of UruguayUYMontevideo
186.Uzbekistan *+Republic of UzbekistanUZTashkent
187.Vanuatu *+Republic of VanuatuNHPort-Vila
188.Venezuela *+Bolivarian Republic of VenezuelaVECaracas
189.Vietnam *+Socialist Republic of VietnamVMHanoi
190.Yemen *+Republic of YemenYMSanaa
191.Zambia *+Republic of ZambiaZALusaka
192.Zimbabwe *+Republic of ZimbabweZIHarare


Taiwan6(no long-form name)TWT'ai-pei


Note 1: In this listing, the term "independent state" refers to a people politically organized into a sovereign state with a definite territory recognized as independent by the US.

Note 2: Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) 10-4 codes.

Note 3: With the establishment of diplomatic relations with China on January 1, 1979, the US Government recognized the People's Republic of China as the sole legal government of China and acknowledged the Chinese position that there is only one China and that Taiwan is part of China.

Note 4: "Congo" is the official short-form name for both the Republic of the Congo and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. To distinguish one from the other, the U.S. Department of State adds the capital in parentheses. This practice is unofficial and provisional.

Note 5: In 1950 the Israel Parliament proclaimed Jerusalem as the capital. The U.S., like most other countries that have embassies in Israel, maintains its Embassy in Tel Aviv.

Note 6: Claimed by both the Government of the People's Republic of China and the authorities on Taiwan (see note 3)

Source: Office of The Geographer and Global Issues, Bureau of Intelligence and Research, U.S. Department of State, Washington, D.C.

Dependencies and Areas of Special Sovereignty as of March 2004
Short-form nameLong-form nameSovereigntyCode 1Capital
American SamoaTerritory of American SamoaUnited StatesAQPago Pago
Akrotiri Sovereign Base Area15Akrotiri Sovereign Base AreaUnited KingdomAXEpiskopi16
AnguillaAnguillaUnited KingdomAVThe Valley
Antarctica(no long-form name)None (see note 2)AYNone
Aruba(no long-form name)NetherlandsAAOranjestad
Ashmore and Cartier IslandsTerritory of Ashmore and Cartier IslandsAustraliaATAdministered Islands from Canberra
Baker Island(no long-form name)United StatesFQAdministered from Washington, D.C.
BermudaBermudaUnited KingdomBDHamilton
Bouvet Island(no long-form name)NorwayBVAdmin. from Oslo
British Indian Ocean Territory3 British Indian Ocean TerritoryUnited KingdomIONone
Cayman IslandsCayman IslandsUnited KingdomCJGeorge Town
Christmas IslandTerritory of Christmas IslandAustraliaKTThe Settlement (Flying Fish Cove)
Clipperton Island(no long-form name)FranceIPAdministered from French Polynesia
Cocos (Keeling) IslandsTerritory of Cocos (Keeling) IslandsAustraliaCKWest Island
Cook Islands(no long-form name)New ZealandCWAvarua
Coral Sea IslandsCoral Sea Islands TerritoryAustraliaCRAdministered from Canberra
Dhekelia Sovereign Base Area15Dhekelia Sovereign Base AreaUnited KingdomDXEpiskopi16
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)United Kingdom 4FKStanley
Faroe Islands(no long-form name)DenmarkFOTórshavn
French Guiana5Department of GuianaFranceFGCayenne
French PolynesiaTerritory of French PolynesiaFranceFPPapeete
French Southern & Antarctic Lands6 Territory of the French Southern and Antarctic LandsFranceFSAdministered from Paris
GibraltarGibraltarUnited KingdomGIGibraltar
Greenland(no long-form name)DenmarkGLNuuk (Godthåb) Guadeloupe5
GuamTerritory of GuamUnited StatesGQHagatna
Guernsey7Bailiwick of GuernseyBritish Crown DependencyGKSaint Peter Port
Heard Island & McDonald IslandsTerritory of Heard Island and McDonald IslandsAustraliaHMAdministered from Canberra
Hong KongHong Kong Special Administrative RegionChina8 HKVictoria
Howland Island(no long-form name)United StatesHQAdministered from Washington, D.C.
Jan Mayen(no long-form name)NorwayJNAdministered from Oslo9
Jarvis Island(no long-form name)United StatesDQAdministered from Washington, D.C.
JerseyBailiwick of JerseyBritish Crown DependencyJESaint Helier
Johnston Atoll(no long-form name)United StatesJQAdministered from Washington, D.C.
Kingman Reef(no long-form name)United StatesKQAdministered from Washington, D.C.
MacauMacau Special Administrative RegionChina 10MCMacau
Man, Isle of(no long-form name)British Crown DependencyIMDouglas
MayotteTerritorial Collectivity of MayotteFranceMFMamoudzou
Midway Islands(no long-form name)United StatesMQAdministered from Washington, D.C.
MontserratMontserratUnited KingdomMHPlymouth
Navassa Island(no long-form name)United StatesBQAdministered from Washington, D.C.
Netherlands Antilles 11(no long-form name)NetherlandsNTWillemstad
New CaledoniaTerritory of New Caledonia and DependenciesFranceNCNouméa
Niue(no long-form name)New ZealandNEAlofi
Norfolk IslandTerritory of Norfolk IslandAustraliaNFKingston
Northern Mariana IslandsCommonwealth of the Northern Mariana IslandsUnited StatesCQSaipan
Palmyra Atoll(no long-form name)United StatesLQAdministered from Washington, D.C.
Paracel Islands(no long-form name)undetermined 12PFNone
Pitcairn IslandsPitcairn, Henderson, Ducie, and Oeno IslandsUnited KingdomPCAdamstown
Puerto RicoCommonwealth of Puerto RicoUnited StatesRQSan Juan
Saint Helena13Saint HelenaUnited KingdomSHJamestown
Saint Pierre & MiquelonTerritorial Collectivity of Saint Pierre and MiquelonFranceSBSaint-Pierre
South Georgia & the South Sandwich IslandsSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsUnited Kingdom 4SXNone
Spratly Islands(no long-form name)undetermined 14PGNone
Svalbard(no long-form name)NorwaySVLongyearbyen
Tokelau(no long-form name)New ZealandTLNone
Turks & Caicos IslandsTurks & Caicos IslandsUnited KingdomTKGrand Turk
Virgin Islands, U.S.United States Virgin IslandsUnited StatesVQCharlotte Amalie
Virgin Islands, BritishVirgin Islands, BritishUnited KingdomVIRoad Town
Wake Island(no long-form name)United StatesWQAdministered from Washington, D.C.
Wallis and FutunaTerritory of the Wallis and Futuna IslandsFranceWFMatâ'utu
Western Sahara(no long-form name)undeterminedWINone


Note 1: Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) 10-4 codes.

Note 2: Antarctica consists of the territory south of 60 degrees south latitude. This area includes claims by Argentina, Australia, Chile, France, New Zealand, Norway, and the United Kingdom, the legal status of which remains in suspense under the terms of the Antarctic Treaty of 1959. The United States recognizes no claims to Antarctica.

Note 3: Chagos Archipelago (including Diego Garcia).

Note 4: U.K.Overseas Territory (also claimed by Argentina).

Note 5: French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique and Reunion are departments (first-order administrative units) of France, and are therefore not dependencies or areas of special sovereignty. They are included in this list only for the convenience of the user. The Department of Guadeloupe includes the nearby islands of Marie-Galante, La Desirade, and Iles des Saintes, as well as Saint Barthelemy and the northern three-fifths of Saint Martin (the rest of which belongs to Netherlands Antilles). The islands of Bassas da India, Europa Island, Glorioso Islands, Juan de Nova Island, and Tromelin Island are administered from Reunion; all these islands are claimed by Madagascar, and Tromelin Island is claimed by Mauritius.

Note 6: "French Southern and Antarctic Lands" includes Île Amsterdam, Île Saint-Paul, Îles Crozet, and Îles Kerguelen in the southern Indian Ocean, along with the French-claimed sector of Antarctica, "Terre Adélie." The United States does not recognize the French claim to "Terre Adélie" (see note 2).

Note 7 : The Bailiwick of Guernsey includes the islands of Alderney, Guernsey, Herm, Sark, and nearby smaller islands.

Note 8: Under a Sino-British declaration of September 1984, Hong Kong reverted to Chinese control on July 1, 1997. It is now a semi-autonomous entity that exists pursuant to international agreement and maintains its own government apart from the People's Republic of China.

Note 9: Administered from Oslo, Norway, through a governor resident in Longyearbyen, Svalbard.

Note 10: Under the Sino-Portuguese Joint Declaration on the Question of Macau signed in 1987, Macau reverted to Chinese control on December 20, 1999. It is now a semi-autonomous entity that exists pursuant to international agreement and maintains its own government apart from the People's Republic of China.

Note 11: Netherlands Antilles comprises two groupings of islands: Curaçao and Bonaire are located off the coast of Venezuela; Saba, Sint Eustatius, and Sint Maarten (the Dutch two-fifths of the island of Saint Martin) lie 800 km to the north.

Note 12: South China Sea islands occupied by China but claimed by Vietnam.

Note 13: The territory of Saint Helena includes the Island group of Tristan da Cunha; Saint Helena also administers Ascension Island.

Note 14: South China Sea islands claimed in entirety by China and Vietnam and in part by the Philippines and Malaysia; each of these states occupies some part of the islands.

Note 15: U.K. military bases on the island of Cyprus.

Note 16: The joint force headquarters under the Commander of the British forces, Cyprus administers both sovereign base areas from Episkopi.

Source: Office of the Geographer and Global Issues, Bureau of Intelligence and Research, U.S. Department of State, Washington, D.C.

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Nations, Dependencies, Areas of Special Sovereignty

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Nations, Dependencies, Areas of Special Sovereignty