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Ryswick, treaty of

Ryswick, treaty of, 1697. In July 1697 the treaty brought to an end the Nine Years War, in which Louis XIV's France faced a grand coalition of England, the emperor, the Dutch, and Spain. Louis agreed to return most of his territorial acquisitions or réunions made since Nijmegen, but retained the important fortress town of Strasbourg. He recognized William III as king of England while refusing to order James II to leave French territory. The Dutch were allowed to garrison barrier fortresses in the Spanish Netherlands. The treaty, negotiated with much difficulty, lasted only four years before the War of the Spanish Succession broke out.

J. A. Cannon

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Ryswick, Treaty of

Treaty of Ryswick, 1697, the pact that ended the War of the Grand Alliance. Its signers were France on one side and England, Spain, and the Netherlands on the other. It was a setback for Louis XIV, who kept Strasbourg but lost most other conquests made after 1679. Commercial concessions were granted the Dutch, the independence of Savoy was recognized, and William III was acknowledged king of England.

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