In the UK, a knight is a man awarded a non-hereditary title by the sovereign in recognition of merit or service and entitled to use the honorific ‘Sir’ in front of his name.
Knight is also a dated term for a member of the class of equites in ancient Rome, or a citizen of the second class in ancient Athens (called hippeus in Greek), seen in comparison with medieval knights.
In chess, a knight is a piece, typically with its top shaped like a horse's head, that moves by jumping to the opposite corner of a rectangle two squares by three. Each player starts the game with two knights.
The word is recorded from Old English (in the form cniht, denoting ‘boy, youth, servant’) and is of West Germanic origin.
knight errant a medieval knight wandering in search of chivalrous adventures.
Knight of Columbus a member of a society of Roman Catholic men founded at New Haven, Connecticut, in 1882.
Knight of the Round Table a member of the brotherhood of knights who were followers of King Arthur.
Knight of the Rueful Countenance another name for Don Quixote.
knight of the shire a gentleman representing a shire or county in Parliament, originally, a parliamentary member chosen from those holding the rank of knight.
knight service in the Middle Ages, the tenure of land by a knight on condition of performing military service.
See also knights, white knight.
knight / nīt/ • n. 1. (in the Middle Ages) a man who served his sovereign or lord as a mounted soldier in armor. ∎ (in the Middle Ages) a man raised by a sovereign to honorable military rank after service as a page and squire. 2. (in the UK) a man awarded a nonhereditary title by the sovereign in recognition of merit or service and entitled to use the honorific “Sir” in front of his name. 3. a chess piece, typically with its top shaped like a horse's head, that moves by jumping to the opposite corner of a rectangle two squares by three. • v. [tr.] (usu. be knighted) invest (someone) with the title of knight.DERIVATIVES: knight·li·ness n.knight·ly adj. & ( poetic/lit. ) adv.
Originally protectors of pilgrims, they also undertook the care of the sick. During the Middle Ages they became a powerful and wealthy military force, with foundations in various European countries; their military power ended when Malta was surrendered to Napoleon (1798). In England, the order was revived in 1831 and was responsible for the foundation of the St John Ambulance Brigade in 1888.
Knights Templars a religious and military order for the protection of pilgrims to the Holy Land, founded as the Poor Knights of Christ and of the Temple of Solomon in 1118.
The order became powerful and wealthy, but its members' arrogance towards rulers, together with their wealth and their rivalry with the Knights Hospitallers, led to their downfall; the order was suppressed in 1312, many of its possessions being given to the Hospitallers. The Inner and Middle Temple in London are on the site of the Templars' English headquarters.
Knights ★½ 1993 (R)
In a futuristic wasteland a young martial-arts warrior (Long) and a cyborg (Kristofferson) team up to battle rebel cyborgs that have discovered a new source of fuel—human blood. 89m/C VHS . Kathy Long, Kris Kristofferson, Lance Henriksen, Scott Paulin, Gary Daniels; D: Albert Pyun; W: Albert Pyun.
Hence knight-errant XIV. knighthood XIII (OE. cnihthād boyhood). knightly XIV (OE. cnihtliċ boyish).