Rulers of England and Great Britain

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Kings and Queens of England and Britain

Years

Monarch

Age1

Reign2

1 On death

2 Duration of reign in years (m = months, d = days)

3 Became ruler by conquest

4 Son of William's daughter Adele and Stephen, Count of Blois; sometimes given as the monarch of the House of Blois

5 Deposed March 1461, restored October 1470, deposed April 1471, and killed in Tower of London May 1471

6 Acceded March 1461, deposed October 1470, restored April 1471

7 Edward was forced to name Lady Jane as his successor and a Council of State proclaimed her Queen; Mary, proclaimed Queen by the Council, had Jane beheaded in 1554

8 164953 Council of State; 165358 Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector; 165860 Richard Cromwell (son), Lord Protector

9 Name changed from the German Saxe-Coburg and Gotha on July 17, 1917 (during World War 1)

10 Abdicated at the age of 42

Kings and Queens of England

West Saxon Kings (House of Cerdic)

802–839

Egbert3

――

37

839–858

Ethelwulf

――

19

858–860

Ethelbald

――

2

860–866

Ethelbert

――

6

866–871

Ethelred I

――

5

871–899

Alfred (the Great)

52

28

899–924

Edward (the Elder)

55

25

924–939

Athelstan (the Glorious)

45

15

939–946

Edmund I

25

6

946–955

Edred

32

9

955–959

Edwy (the Fair)

18

3

959–975

Edgar (the Peaceful)

32

16

975–978

Edward I (the Martyr)

17

3

978–1016

Ethelred II (the Unready)

47

38

1016

Edmund II (Ironside)

2

7 m

Danish Kings (House of Denmark)

1016–35

Canute ( Cnut)3

40

19

1035–40

Harold I ( Harefoot)

23

4

1040–42

Hardecanute ( Harthacnut)

24

2

West Saxon Kings (restored)

1042–66

Edward II (the Confessor)

61

23

1066

Harold II ( Godwinesson)

45

10 m

House of Normandy

1066–87

William I (the Conqueror)3

60

20

1087– 700

William II ( Rufus)

41

12

700–35

Henry I ( Beauclerc)

67

35

735-54

Stephen4

53

18

House of Anjou (Plantagenets)

754-89

Henry II ( Curtmantle)

56

34

789-99

Richard I (the Lionheart)

42

9

799-1216

John ( Lackland)

48

17

1216–72

Henry III

65

56

1272–1307

Edward I ( Longshanks)

68

34

1307–27

Edward II

43

19

1327–77

Edward III

64

50

1377–99

Richard II

33

22

House of Lancaster

1399–1413

Henry IV

47

13

1413– 8

Henry V

34

9

148-61

Henry VI5

49

39

House of York

1461–83

Edward IV6

40

21

1483

Edward V

12

2 m

1483–85

Richard III

32

2

House of Tudor

1485–1509

Henry VII

52

23

1509–47

Henry VIII

55

37

1547–53

Edward VI

15

6

1553

Jane ( Lady Jane Grey)7

16

9 d

1553–58

Mary I ( Mary Tudor)

42

5

1558–1603

Elizabeth I

69

44

Kings and Queens of Britain

House of Stuart

1603–25

James I (VI of Scotland)

58

22

1625–49

Charles I

48

23

1649–60

Commonwealth8

1660–85

Charles II

54

24

1685–88

James II

67

3

Interregnum December7, 1688 to February 12, 1689

1689–1702

William III

51

13

(and to 1694

Mary II

32

5)

1702–14

Anne

49

12

House of Hanover

1714–27

George I (Elector of Hanover)

67

13

1727–60

George II

76

33

1760–1820

George III

81

59

1820–30

George IV

67

10

1830–37

William IV

71

7

1837–1901

Victoria

81

63

House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

1901–1910

Edward VII

68

9

House of Windsor

1910–36

George V

70

25

1936

Edward VIII10

77

10 m

1936–52

George VI

56

15

1952– 

Elizabeth II

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