Skip to main content

Frye, Joseph

Frye, Joseph

FRYE, JOSEPH. (1712–1794). Colonial Wars veteran, Continental general. Massachusetts (Maine). Born on 19 March 1712 in Andover, Massachusetts, Fraye served as an ensign in Hale's Fifth Massachusetts Regiment, took part in the capture of Louisburg in February 1745, and was a lieutenant colonel in John Winslow's Kennebec expedition in 1754. He spent the following year burning the houses of the dispossessed people of Acadia. He served under Lieutenant Colonel George Munroe when this officer was surrounded near Fort William Henry and forced to surrender on 9 August 1757 to General Marquis de Montcalm. Frye escaped after killing his Indian guard, making his way to Fort Edward. Under the terms of the British surrender of Fort William Henry, he was placed on parole for 18 months. After this, from March 1759 to the end of 1760, he was commander at Fort Cumberland (near modern Amherst, Nova Scotia).

On 3 March 1762, in response to his petitioning, he was granted a township in Maine, and in 1770 he moved there and opened a store in Fryeburg. On 21 June 1775 he was named to the post of major general of the Massachusetts militia and served in this capacity for about three months, before being appointed a brigadier general of the Continental army on 10 January 1776. On 23 April of that year he resigned for ill health, to use the popular euphemism. In fact, the aged warrior was useless to General George Washington, who wrote Joseph Reed that Frye "has not, and I doubt will not, do much service to the cause; at present he keeps his room and talks learnedly of emetics, cathartics, &c. For my own part, I see nothing but a declining life that matters [to?] him." (Freeman, vol. 4, p. 41). He returned to Fryeburg, where he died on 25 July 1794.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Freeman, Douglas Southall. George Washington. 7 vols. New York: Scribner, 1948–1957.

                             revised by Michael Bellesiles

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Frye, Joseph." Encyclopedia of the American Revolution: Library of Military History. . Encyclopedia.com. 22 Sep. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Frye, Joseph." Encyclopedia of the American Revolution: Library of Military History. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 22, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/frye-joseph

"Frye, Joseph." Encyclopedia of the American Revolution: Library of Military History. . Retrieved September 22, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/frye-joseph

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.