Skip to main content

Coercive Acts


COERCIVE ACTS, also known as the Intolerable Acts, were a series of four measures passed by the British Parliament in 1774, partly to retaliate for such incidents as the Boston Tea Party but also to implement a more vigorous policy in the American colonies. The Boston Port Act, enacted in response to the Tea Party, closed the harbor to all shipping until the town had compensated the East India Company for the destruction of its tea and assured the king of its future loyalty. The Massachusetts Government Act deprived Massachusetts of its charter and the right to choose its own magistrates. The Act for the Impartial Administration of Justice provided that English colonial officials indicted for murder in Massachusetts should be tried in England. Finally, the Quartering Act allowed the housing of troops in any town in Massachusetts.


Middlekauff, Robert. The Glorious Cause: The American Revolution, 1763–1789. New York: Oxford University Press, 1982.

Thomas, Peter D. G. Tea Party to Independence: The Third Phase of the American Revolution, 1773–1776. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991.

Frank J.Klingberg/s. b.

See alsoColonial Policy, British ; Parliament, British ; Revolution, American: Political History ; Taxation .

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Coercive Acts." Dictionary of American History. . 9 Feb. 2019 <>.

"Coercive Acts." Dictionary of American History. . (February 9, 2019).

"Coercive Acts." Dictionary of American History. . Retrieved February 09, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.