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Nineveh

Nineveh (nĬn´əvə), ancient city, capital of the Assyrian Empire, on the Tigris River opposite the site of modern Mosul, Iraq. A shaft dug at Nineveh has yielded a pottery sequence that can be equated with the earliest cultural development in N Mesopotamia. The old capital, Assur, was replaced by Calah, which seems to have been replaced by Nineveh. Nineveh was thereafter generally the capital, although Sargon built Dur Sharrukin (Khorsabad) as his capital. Nineveh reached its full glory under Sennacherib and Assurbanipal. It continued to be the leader of the ancient world until it fell to a coalition of Babylonians, Medes, and Scythians in 612 BC and the Assyrian Empire came to an end. Excavations, begun in the middle of the 19th cent., have revealed an Assyrian city wall with a perimeter of c.7.5 mi (12 km). The palaces of Sennacherib and Assurbanipal, containing magnificent sculptures, have been discovered, as well as Assurbanipal's library, including over 20,000 cuneiform tablets. The city is mentioned often in the Bible.

See S. Glubok, ed. Digging in Assyria (1970).

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Nineveh

Nineveh Capital of ancient Assyria, on the River Tigris (opposite modern Mosul, Iraq). First occupied in the 6th millennium bc, Nineveh became the Assyrian capital under Sennacherib (r.704–681 bc). The city walls were more than 12km (7.5mi) long, and contained gardens irrigated by canals. Nineveh was sacked by the Medes in 612 bc, but continued to be occupied until the Middle Ages.

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Nineveh

Nineveh an ancient city located on the east bank of the Tigris, opposite the modern city of Mosul, to which Jonah was sent to preach. It was the oldest city of the ancient Assyrian empire and its capital during the reign of Sennacherib until it was destroyed by a coalition of Babylonians and Medes in 612 bc.

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Nineveh

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