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praetor

praetor (prēt´ər), in ancient Rome, originally a consul, and later a judicial magistrate (from c.366 BC). In 242 BC two praetors were appointed, the urban praetor (praetor urbanus), deciding cases to which citizens were parties, and the peregrine praetor (praetor peregrinus) deciding cases between foreigners. The urban praetor exercised the functions of the consuls in their absence and of the peregrine praetor when he was holding a military command. Two additional praetors were appointed (227) to administer Sicily and Sardinia, and two more (197) to administer Spain. A principal duty of praetors was the production of the public games. Under the empire the functions of the praetor were gradually taken over by other magistrates.

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praetor

prae·tor / ˈprētər/ (also pre·tor) • n. Roman Hist. each of two ancient Roman magistrates ranking below consul. DERIVATIVES: prae·to·ri·al / prēˈtôrēəl/ adj. prae·tor·ship / ˈprētərˌship/ n.

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praetor

praetor Public official in ancient Rome, usually translated as ‘magistrate’. From 242 bc, two praetors were elected, serving a one-year term, usually followed by appointment as provincial governor. By the 1st century bc, there were eight praetors. The office declined in importance under the Emperors.

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praetor

praetor, U.S. pretor magistrate of ancient Rome. XV. — F. préteur or L. prætor (-ōr-), perh.:- *præitor ‘one who goes before’, f. præ PRE- + pp. stem of īre go + -OR1.
So pr(a)etorian XV. — L.

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praetor

praetor in ancient Rome, originally, the consul commanding the army; after bc 366, the annually elected magistrate; later, each of two magistrates ranking below consul.

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praetor

praetorcater, crater, creator, curator, data, debater, delator, dumbwaiter, equator, freighter, frustrater, gaiter, grater, gyrator, hater, later, legator, mater, negator, pater, peseta, plater, rotator, skater, slater, stater, tater, traitor, ultimata, understater, upstater, waiter •painter •taster, waster •gamester • aviator • tailgater •hesitater • shirtwaister •Akita, Anita, arboreta, beater, beta, Bhagavadgita, cheater, cheetah, Demeter, Dieter, dolce vita, eater, eta, Evita, excreta, fetor, granita, greeter, heater, Juanita, litre (US liter), Lolita, maltreater, margarita, meter, metre, Peta, peter, praetor (US pretor), repeater, Rita, saltpetre (US saltpeter), secretor, Senhorita, señorita, Sita, skeeter, teeter, terra incognita, theta, treater, tweeter, ureter, veleta, zeta •Batista, Dniester, Easter, feaster, keister, leister, quaestor •speedster •deemster, teamster •scenester • browbeater • windcheater •beefeater •millilitre (US milliliter) •decilitre (US deciliter) •centilitre (US centiliter) •kilolitre (US kiloliter) •ammeter • Machmeter •millimetre (US millimeter) •decimetre (US decimeter) •altimeter •centimetre (US centimeter) •nanometre (US nanometer) •micrometer, micrometre •decametre (US dekameter) •kilometre (US kilometer) • autopista •anteater

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