Solzhenitsyn, Alexander

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Solzhenitsyn, Alexander (1918– ) Russian novelist. Sentenced to a forced labour camp in 1945 for criticizing Stalin, he was subsequently exiled to Ryazan but was officially rehabilitated in 1956. His novels include One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich (1962), The First Circle (1968), Cancer Ward (1968), and August 1914 (1971). He received the 1970 Nobel Prize in literature. Criticism of the Soviet regime in The Gulag Archipelago (1974) led to his forced exile to the West. Solzhenitsyn returned to Russia in 1994.