Zakharov, Andreyan

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Zakharov, Andreyan, or Adrian Dmitriyvich Zakharov (1761–1811). Russian architect. He trained in St Petersburg and then, in 1782–6, under Chalgrin in Paris. His reputation rests on the massive Neo-Classical buildings he designed for St Petersburg, including the New Admiralty (1806–23). A huge structure, probably the largest Neo-Classical building in the world, it was influenced by Rousseau's arch at the Hôtel de Salm, Paris (1782–5), as well as by designs of Boullée and Ledoux. The entrance-block is capped by a massive Ionic peristyle (based on descriptions of the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus) supporting a very tall gilded needle-spire. The severe end-pavilions with arched cubic blocks surmounted by drums and flanked by Roman Doric colonnades are among the most Sublime buildings derived from French Neo-Classical designs of the late C18. He also designed the Church of St Andrew, Kronstadt (1806–11—destroyed), standardized administrative buildings for the Russian provinces, and a range of warehouses facing the River Neva on Proviantsky Island territory (1806–9). He was also involved (with Voronikhin) in the planning of the handsome Bourse (Exchange) in St Petersburg (1801–16), designed by de Thomon.


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