Zaidīy(y)a, al-, Zaidis, or Zaydis (sometimes called ‘Fivers’ because they seceded over the fifth Imām), a sect of Shīʿa Muslims, in contrast to the Ithna ʿAsharīy(y)a (Twelvers) and the Seveners (see also ISMĀʿĪLIY(Y)A). When the fourth Shiʿite Imām, ʿAli Zayn al-ʿĀbidīn, died in 713 (AH 95), the Zaidis followed Zaid rather than his brother, Muḥammad al-Baqīr, as Imām. Zaid al-Shahīd rebelled against the Umayyad caliph in 737 (AH 121), but was killed in battle. Strict in their observance, they reject mutʿa and Sūfī claims. The Imām is not a matter of succession (hence there can be periods without an Imām) but of recognition.
More From encyclopedia.com
Jafar al-Sadiq , al-Sādiq, Jaʿfar (sixth Shīʿa Imām): see ISMĀʿĪLIYYA. Jaʿfar al-Sādiq (6th Shīʿa Imām): see ISMĀʿĪLIY(Y)A. Ishuah , Isuah (Ĭs´yōōə), the same as Ishuah. Ishuah (Ĭsh´yōōə), in the Bible, son of Asher. It is also spelled Isuah. Yosai , Yōsai (Tendai monk): see EISAI. Yuan Shih-kai , Yüan Shih-k'ai (1859-1916), an outstanding Chinese military leader, held the balance of power when the Revolution of 1911 broke out and used it to se… Y Chromosome , The diploid human genome is packaged within 46 chromosomes, as two pairs of 23 discrete elements, into all cells other than the haploid gametic egg a… Yamuna , Yāmuna YĀMUNA (fl. c. 1022–1038), known in Tamil as Ᾱḻavandār; Hindu philosopher, theologian, and devotional poet. Yāmuna lived in the Tamil-speaking…
About this article
Updated About encyclopedia.com content Print Article
You Might Also Like