Skip to main content

Thomon, Thomas-Jean de

Thomon, Thomas-Jean de (1754–1813). Swiss-born Neo-Classical architect. He studied in Paris under Ledoux and in Italy, where the Greek Doric temples at Paestum had a considerable impact on his sensibilities. He settled in Russia in 1799 where he became Court Architect to Tsar Alexander I (reigned 1801–25) in St Petersburg in 1802 and designed several buildings, including the Grand Theatre (1802–5—demolished). His most outstanding work is the Bourse (Exchange—1801–16), a powerful Neo-Classical barrel-vaulted hall surrounded by a peristyle of Greek Doric columns of the unfluted type, not unlike Ledoux's designs for the Stock Exchange and Discount Bank at his imaginary town of Chaux. With its severe unadorned treatment, clear expression of elements, huge Diocletian windows set within great arches of rusticated voussoirs, and platform of ramps and podia, it was a major essay in Neo-Classicism as advanced as anywhere in the world for its date, and also shows some affinity with Boullée's designs. Among his other buildings are warehouses on the Salni Embankment, St Petersburg (1804–5), the Doric Mausoleum of Tsar Paul I (reigned 1796–1801) at Pavlovsk (1805–8), and the Column of Glory, Poltava (1805–11). He published Recueil de plans et façades des principaux monuments construits à Saint-Pétersbourg et dans les différentes provinces de l'Empire de Russie (Compendium of Plans and Elevations of Principal Buildings Erected in St Petersburg and in the Different Provinces of the Russian Empire—1809) and a treatise on painting. His own watercolours were much influenced by the work of Piranesi.


Berckenhagen (1975);
Grabar et al. (eds.) (1963);
G. Hamilton (1983);
Middleton & and Watkin (1987);
Shuiskii (1981);
van Vynckt (ed.) (1993);
Vogt (1974)

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Thomon, Thomas-Jean de." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . 23 Apr. 2019 <>.

"Thomon, Thomas-Jean de." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . (April 23, 2019).

"Thomon, Thomas-Jean de." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Retrieved April 23, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.