Skip to main content

Raymond, Antonin

Raymond, Antonin (1888–1976). Bohemia-born American architect. He assisted Cass Gilbert when designing the Woolworth Building, NYC (1910–12), and then joined F. L. Wright in 1916, later collaborating in the building of the Imperial Hotel, Tokyo (1919–20—destroyed). He practised in Tokyo on his own account (1923–37), designing several buildings, including his own houses at Reinanzaka (1923—an early example of International Modernism) and Karuizawa (1932–3), the Akaboshi House (1932), and the Kawasaki House (1934), all in Tokyo. In the 1930s he began to experiment with pitched roofs, but in 1937 left Japan, and after a brief stay in India set up an office in NYC, specializing in Federal, State, and Local-Government work. In 1949 he returned to Japan to build the Reader's Digest Building, Tokyo (1947–50—demolished), which incorporated Japanese elements such as louvres, and in 1953, with his house at Azubu, he introduced traditional Japanese construction. Among his last works were the campus of the Nanzan University, Nagoya (1960–6), and the Pan-Pacific Forum, University of Hawaii, Honolulu (1966–9). He was a considerable influence on those Japanese architects who pioneered the Modern Movement after the 1939–45 war.


Kalman (1994);
Leatherbarrow (2000);
Raymond (1973);
Jane Turner (1996);
van Vynckt (ed.) (1993)

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Raymond, Antonin." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . 13 Apr. 2019 <>.

"Raymond, Antonin." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . (April 13, 2019).

"Raymond, Antonin." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Retrieved April 13, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.