Paul, Bruno

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Paul, Bruno (1874–1968). German member of the Deutscher Werkbund, designer of machine-made furniture, the Typen-Möbel. His achievements in standardization impressed Le Corbusier. Stylistically his architectural work was influenced by the Italian Renaissance, then the Sezession, Neo-Biedermeier,Art Deco, and finally International Modernism. He designed the Jugendstil hunting-room for the Paris Exposition Universelle (1900—which made such an impression it was shown again at the 1901 Munich and 1902 Turin Exhibitions); the interiors of several ships(including Kronprinzessin Cecilie (Crown-Princess Cecilie 1907) and Prinz Friedrich Wilhelm (1908)); the beer-hall, restaurant, and other public rooms for the Werkbund Exhibition, Cologne (1914); and Das Plattenhaus (Standard House), Hellerau, near Dresden (1925). As well as numerous interiors (e.g. for the luxurious liner Bremen (1927) ), he designed many large villas in the Berlin suburbs (e.g. Villa Warmboldt, Wilmersdorf (1925–6)—which combined tradition with modern horizontal windows), International Modernist offices (e.g. Disch offices, Cologne (1929) ), and stripped Classical buildings (e.g. Gerling Insurance Co., Cologne (1930) ). In 1929 he formed a brief association with Mies van der Rohe.


Joan Campbell (1978);
Günther (1971, 1992);
Jervis (1984);
J. Popp (1916);
Schäfer (1993);
Stadt, xxix/10 (1982), whole issue; Ziffer et al. (eds.) (1992)