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Biedermeier. Central-European style of architecture, decorative arts, painting, and interior design from c.1815 to c.1860, especially in Berlin, Vienna, and Munich. The name derives from the fictional (1854) character, Wieland Gottlieb Biedermaier, a comfortable, middle-class figure of fun, Bieder meaning virtuous, and Maier being a common German surname, like Jones. The style was robustly comfortable, decently proportioned, essentially Neo-Classical, with Empire and Regency touches.


Chilvers, Osborne, & Farr (eds.) (1988);
Gentil (ed.) (1990)